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Snooker Rules

Simply because snooker rules, here are the rules of snooker.

If you have questions about the game, please feel free to leave it in the comments thread following the rules, or to email cousinavi (at) gmail (dot) com.  I’m a qualified snooker referee and will be happy to field any posers you might be snookered behind.
Highest possible break in a single frame?  155 (and it’s been done).
Fouls, respotting the final black…the foul miss rule is always good for a few faceplams…everything from bridges and extensions to using a box to increase your height relative to the playing surface…I’m ready for it.
Ever play someone who prefers to keep the chalk in the palm of their bridge hand while playing a stroke?
FOUL! 
Look forward to hearing from you.  Good potting and good luck.
BTW:  Ronnie O’Sullivan is the most naturally gifted player in the history of the game.  He may never win as many titles as Hendry or Davis (either of them), but he has played at a higher level than anyone ever dared dream.  A 5’20” 147 clearance is proof enough of that, as was the sparkling max he tossed in to send Mark Williams out of the recent World Championships.  All you wankers who blither on about Hendry’s consistency and longevity, Higgins’ flair and style, The Nugget’s dominance in the 80’s and Jimmy White’s never-ending frustration just aren’t paying attention.
In addition to the above-linked Ronnie bit, I’ve posted these snooker related scribblings (assuming you’re at all interested in reading the posts of a dodgy potter and weak position player):  Dougie Borden and Snooker Comes to Taiwan.

And so, on to the rules.  Let’s start with the proper layout and point values.

Table - layout and colour values

Table - layout and colour values

Type of Game: International or “English” snooker is the most widely played form of snooker around the world. It is generally played on 6’x12′ English billiard tables, with cushions that are more narrow than on pocket billiard tables and which curve smoothly into the pocket openings. 5 x 10 and snooker tables of even smaller playing dimensions may be used for the game. On a 6 x 12 snooker (English billiard) table the playing area within the cushion faces shall measure 11′ 8.5″ x 5′ 10″ with a tolerance on both dimensions of +/-0.5″. The height of the table is measured from the floor to the top of the cushion rail, and the height shall measure 34″ with an allowable variance of +/-0.5″.

Players: 2

Balls Used: Set of Snooker balls: fifteen object balls that are not numbered and are solid red (called reds), six object balls of other colors that are not numbered (called colors) and a cue ball (called the white ball). Point values for object balls: red-1, yellow-2, green-3, brown-4, blue-5, pink-6, black-7. In International Snooker the balls used are 2-1/16″ diameter.

The Rack: Play begins with the balls placed as in the diagram above. The pink is spotted on the Pyramid Spot. The apex ball of the triangle of reds is racked as close as possible to the pink without touching it.

Baulk-line and Baulk: A straight line drawn 29″ from the face of the bottom cushion and parallel to it is called the Baulk-line and the intervening space termed the Baulk.

The Half Circle: The Half Circle is a semi-circle described in Baulk with its center at the middle of the Baulk-line and with a radius of 11.5″. When the striker has cue ball in hand within the Half Circle he may place the base of the cue ball anywhere on the line or within the Half Circle, and may use his hand or any part of his cue (including the tip) to position the cue ball–as long as it is judged he is not attempting to play a stroke.

Object of the Game: To score a greater number of points than opponent.

Scoring: Points are scored in two ways: players are awarded points for fouls by the opponent (see Penalties For Fouls below), and by legally potting reds or colors. Each legally potted red ball has a point value of one; each legally potted color ball has a point value as indicated (Balls Used above). A frame ends when all balls have been potted, following the Rules of Play; if, however, only the black (7) ball is left on the table, the frame ends with the first score or foul. If the players’ scores are equal after that scoring, the black is spotted on its original position and the layers lag or draw lots for the choice of playing at, or assigning opponent to play at, the black ball with the cue ball in hand within the Half Circle, first score or foul then ends the frame.

Opening Break: Players lag or draw lots for choice of break in the opening frame. In a match format the players alternate the break in subsequent frames. Starting player has cue ball in hand within the Half Circle. He must cause the cue ball to contact a red ball. It is not necessary to send a ball to a rail or into a pocket. Failure to meet this requirement is a foul (see Penalties For Fouls) A foul is scored and–with all fouls–the incoming player has a choice of (1) accepting the table and becoming the striker, or (2) requiring the offender to break again.

Rules of Play

1. A legally potted ball entitles the striker to continue at the table until he fails to legally pot a ball.

2. On all shots, the striker must comply with the appropriate requirements of Rules of Play 5 and 6. It is not necessary to cause the cue ball or an object ball to contact a cushion or drop in a pocket after the cue ball has contacted a legal object ball (ball on). Failure to contact a legal object ball first is a foul.

3. As long as reds are on the table, the incoming striker (player taking his first stroke of an inning) always has a red as his legal object ball (ball on).

4. Any red balls potted on a legal shot are legally potted balls; the striker need not call any particular red ball(s), pocket(s) or details of how the pot will be played.

5. When the striker has a red ball as his “ball on” (legal object ball), he must cause the cue ball’s first contact to be with a red ball. Failure to do so is a foul (See Penalties For Fouls)

6. After the striker has scored a red ball initially, his next legal object is a color, and as long as reds remain on the table he must alternate his play between reds and colors (though within each group he may play a ball of his choice). When reds remain on the table and a color is his object, the striker must (a) designate prior to stroking which color ball is his object (that specific color is then his “ball on”), and (b) cause the cue ball’s first contact with a ball to be with that colored ball. If the striker fails to meet these requirements, it is a foul (See Penalties For Fouls).

7. If the striker’s ball on is a red, and he pots a color, it is a foul.

8. If the striker’s ball on is a color, and he pots any other ball, it is a foul.

9. Jump shots are illegal in International Snooker. It is a foul if the striker intentionally causes the cue ball to jump (rise from the bed of the table) by any means, if the jump is an effort to clear an obstructing ball.

10. While reds remain on the table, each potted color is spotted prior to the next stroke (see Spotting Balls below for spotting rules). After a color has been spotted, if the striker plays while that ball is incorrectly spotted (and opponent or referee calls it before two such plays have been taken), the shot taken is a foul. If the striker plays two strokes after such error without its being announced by opponent or referee, he is free of penalty and continues playing and scoring normally as though the spotting error simply had not occurred. The striker is responsible for ensuring that all balls are correctly spotted before striking. If the striker plays while a ball(s) that should be on the table is not a foul may be awarded whenever the foul is discovered during the striker’s inning. Any scoring prior to the discovery of the foul will count.

11. When no reds remain on the table, striker’s balls on become the colors, in ascending numerical order (2,3,4,5,6,7). These legally potted colors are not spotted after each is potted; they remain off the table. (The black (7) ball is an exception in the case of a tie score; see Scoring.)

Illegally Potted Ball: Reds illegally potted are not spotted; they remain off the table. Colors illegally potted are spotted. (See Spotting Balls.)

Object Balls Jumped off the Table: Reds jumped off the table are not spotted and the striker has committed a foul. Colors jumped off the table are spotted and the striker has committed a foul. (See Penalties For Fouls)

Spotting Balls: Reds are never spotted. Colors to be spotted are placed as at the start of the game. If a color’s spot is occupied (to mean that to spot it would make it touch a ball), it is placed on the spot of the highest value color that is unoccupied. If all spots are occupied, the color is spotted as close as possible to its original spot on a straight line between its spot and the nearest point on the top (foot) cushion.

Cue Ball after Jumping off the Table: Incoming player has cue ball in hand within the Half Circle. When cue ball is in hand within the Half Circle (except the opening break), there is no restriction (based on position of reds or colors) as to what balls may be played; striker may play at any ball on regardless of where it is on the table.

Touching a Ball: While balls are in play it is a foul if the striker touches any object ball or if the striker touches the cue ball with anything other than the tip during a legal stroke.

Snookered: The cue ball is snookered when a direct stroke in a straight line to any part of every ball on is obstructed by a ball or balls not on. If there is any one ball that is not so obstructed, the cue ball is not snookered. If in-hand within the Half Circle, the cue ball is snookered only if obstructed from all positions on or within the Half Circle. If the cue ball is obstructed by more than one ball, the one nearest to the cue ball is the effective snookering ball.

Angled: The cue ball is angled when a direct stroke in a straight line to any part of every ball on is obstructed by a corner of the cushion. If there is any one ball on that is not so obstructed, the cue ball is not angled. If angled after a foul the referee or player will state “Angled Ball”, and the striker has the choice to either (1) play from that position or (2) play from in hand within the Half Circle.

Occupied: A spot is said to be occupied if a ball cannot be placed on it without its touching another ball.

Touching Ball: If the cue ball is touching another ball which is, or can be, on, the referee or player shall state “Touching Ball.” Thereafter the striker must play away from it or it is a push stroke (foul). No penalty is incurred for thus playing away if (1) the ball is not on; the ball is on and the striker nominates such ball; or (3) the ball is on and the striker nominates, and first hits, another ball. [If the referee considers that a touching ball has moved through an agency other than the player, it is not a foul.]

Push Stroke: A push stroke is a foul and is made when the tip of the cue remains in contact with the cue ball (1) when the cue ball makes contact with the object ball, or (2) after the cue ball has commenced its forward motion. Provided that where the cue ball and an object ball are almost touching, it shall be deemed a legal stroke if the cue ball hits the finest possible edge of the object ball.

Miss: The striker shall to the best of his ability endeavor to hit the ball on. If the referee considers the rule infringed he shall call foul and a “miss.” The incoming player (1) may play the ball(s) as they lie, or (2) may request that the ball(s) be returned to the original position and have the offending player play the stroke again. Note: if the ball on cannot possibly be hit, the striker is judged to be attempting to hit the ball on.

Free Ball: After a foul, if the cue ball is snookered, the referee or player shall state “Free Ball.” If the non-offending layer takes the next stroke he may nominate any ball as on. For this stroke, such ball shall be regarded as, and acquire the value of, the ball on. It is a foul should the cue ball fail to first hit, or – except when only the pink and black remain on the table – be snookered by, the free ball. If the “free ball” is potted, it is spotted, and the value of the ball on is scored. if the ball on is potted it is scored. If both the “free ball” and the ball on are potted, only the value of the ball on is scored.

Fouls

If a foul is committed:

1. the player who committed the foul incurs the penalty prescribed (which is added to the opponent’s score), and has to play again if requested by the next player. Once such a request has been made it cannot be withdrawn. 2. should more than one foul be committed in the same stroke the highest value penalty shall be incurred. 3. any ball improperly spotted shall remain where positioned, except that if off the table it shall be correctly spotted.

Penalties for Fouls

The following are fouls and incur a penalty of four points or the higher one prescribed:

1. value of the ball on –

by striking:

a) when the balls are still moving from the previous shot. b) the cue ball more than once (double hit). c) without at least one foot on the floor. d) out of turn. e) improperly from in hand within the Half Circle.

by causing:

f) the cue ball to miss all object balls. g) the cue ball to enter a pocket. h) a snooker with free ball. i) a jump shot.

2. value of the ball on or ball concerned –

by causing:

a) a ball not on to enter a pocket. b) the cue ball to first hit a ball not on. c) a push stroke. d) by striking with a ball not correctly spotted. e) by touching a ball with other than the tip of the cue. f) by forcing a ball off the table.

3. value of the ball on or higher value of the two balls by causing the cue ball to hit simultaneously two balls other than two reds or a “free ball” and the ball on.

4. penalty of seven points is incurred if –

the striker

a) after potting a red commits a foul before nominating a color.

b) uses a ball off the table for any purpose.

c) plays at reds in successive strokes.

d) uses as the cue ball any ball other than the white one.

615 Responses

  1. My opponent hits the red ball and cue ball goes and now is a touching ball with a colour ball. In my turn, I have to hit red but its a touching ball. Will it be my foul or my opponent?

  2. I’m not precisely sure of your hypothetical.

    I take it that you mean the white ball is touching another ball (color). I will answer your question both possible ways.

    First principle: You MUST play away from any touching ball. If the touching ball (red or colour) moves, it is a foul (value either four, or the value of the colour, whichever is higher).

    1. White ball is touching a red. You must play away from the red. If the touching red moves on the stroke, it is a foul (push shot or tip foul). You need not strike any other red – the “touching red” is deemed to have been played. You MAY legally pot any other red, so long as the touching red does not move.

    2. White ball is touching a color. You must play away from the color. If the color moves, it is a foul (four points OR value of the touching color, whichever is greater). You MUST legally strike a red (the ball on) and may pot any red so long as the touching color does not move.

    So long as the touching ball (either red or color) does not move, there is no foul.

    So…regardless of the touching ball (red or colour), you must play away from the ball. IF the touching ball is a red, there is no requirement to hit another red. The touching red is deemed to have been legally contacted as you play away from it. You MAY (should you so choose) hit a colour…so long as you do not POT the colour (because RED is the “ball on”).
    Example – you play away from the touching red and roll up behind the brown in baulk, touching the brown and snookering your opponent. This is not a foul. The touching red (the ball you played away from) is deemed legally hit.
    You MAY pot any other red.

    If the touching ball is a color, you must still play away from it, MUST strike a red, and MAY pot any red.

    Hope this answers your question.

    Hmmm. Something else occurs to me…
    It’s a highly unlikely situation, but it could happen. Let me set the table:
    You come to the table and must play a red. Your opponent has just committed a foul.
    The white ball is touching a red, and you CANNOT hit both sides of any ball on (red). You are entitled to nominate a free ball.
    While you must still play away from the touching red, and it is a foul if the touching red moves, in this situation you would be entitled to nominate any colour as a free ball, and pot that colour in place of a red.
    The colour, so potted, would then be re-spotted and play continues as though you had potted a red.
    Note: You may not snooker your opponent behind a free ball. Example: You nominate the brown and then roll up behind it. This is a foul.

    Hah. One last things occurs to me. The rule against “not moving the touching red” is not absolute. It may not move ON THE STROKE. If you were to play away from the ball, come off one or more cushions and THEN pot the red that HAD BEEN the touching ball, it’s either a fluke or one hell of a nice shot. But that would be perfectly legal.

    • If the cue ball is touching a ball on, you are not snookered. Nothing is obstructing you from hitting it, and you can play a legal shot by simply playing away from. You are not entitled to a free ball.

    • I’m slightly confused by this. You say that if the white is touching a colour, you must legally strike a red ball. Is this true in all cases? For example, if I pot a red and when the white stops, it’s touching the blue, the ball on would be a colour, so surely I would have to hit a colour, and not a red?

      • If the ball on is a colour, and the white ball is touching the blue, you may nominate the blue, play away from the blue (so that the blue does not move – if it moves, it’s a foul).
        In the above scenario, you need not contact any other colour as the blue to deemed to have been legally played by the touching ball.
        You are free to nominate any other colour, but the blue (again) must not move, and you must then contact the nominated colour (which is the ball on).

        Does this sort out your confusion?

        • You have said a number of times that “The touching ball must not move” This is not strictly true. Yes you must play away from it without it moving, but if the white then travels around the table and comes back and hits the ball it was touching at the beginning of the shot and moves it,it is not a foul.

        • Pedantic niggling. Clearly the statement was that the touching ball must not move on the stroke.
          Don’t be a dick.

      • IF the ball on is a red, and the white ball is touching a colour, you must still play away from the colour as moving the colour constitutes a “push shot” which is a foul. You must still strike a red…you must always legally contact a ball on.

    • If i am playing a red or any colour to pot and i accidently go in off the black for instance, what would be the penalty awarded.

      • If you hit the red first, it’s a 4 point foul.
        If you were playing the blue and hit the blue first, it’s a 5 point foul.
        If you are playing any ball, but hit the black first and go in off, it’s a 7 point foul.

    • Is my friend stop the ball from going into the pocket when going in do u put it into the pocket of he hit it back out

      • No. Your friend committed a foul by touching the ball illegally. BUT unless the white ball leaves the playing surface, it must be played from where it sits. You cannot assume that it WOULD have gone in the pocket, no matter how likely an outcome that may seem.

        Here is the perfect example:

  3. What sized table should I get? The room is 4.8m x 5.9m.

  4. You need to allow room for cueing around the table. I recommend at least five feet of free space, which means that in order to host a full size snooker table, you would require a room measuring at least 16′ x 22′. This would seem to leave you a little short on the long ends, but not much…perhaps 1 foot at each end.
    You’d be safe with a 5×10 table.
    My advice, oddly, is don’t buy a table. You will not use it nearly as much as you think you will. Snooker is more fun when you nip down to the hall for a few frames.

  5. Huh? (I’m American.)

  6. @ littlejohn:

    I’m sorry to hear that. My advice is move somewhere they have snooker.

  7. You are not as big a wanker as you sound, Ronnie is the most gifted player of the lot. So was Alex Higgins, the Hurricane, in his day. Even if he played shite, he was still more entertaining than the rest of them playing on top form. Its the same with Ronnie, if he has an off day, he still makes better viewing that the rest of them put together.

  8. @ Cuemaster.

    I’m a far bigger wanker than I sound, but we’re in agreement on Ronnie and Alex. And let’s not leave Jimmy out, eh? The greatest player to never win it all.
    Great story about Jimmy winning a tournament in Australia. Next day at the airport he asks Big Bill Werbeniuk if he can borrow a grand. Bill asks what the hell he did with the fat prize money from yesterday…Jimmy says, “Went to the dog track.”

  9. This post is fucking awesome. I’ve always wondered how snooker worked, and whether I could ever be as big of a wanker as Ronnie O’Sullivan. Well, now I’ve succeeded at the first, but I’m not sure I’ll ever come close to the second.

    • You’ve not…and you’ve still time and appear well qualified. Toronto breeds top quality wankers.

  10. Having been given a “Free ball” ruling with only Blue, Pink and Black on table with all 3 balls grouping in a triangle shape, i have nominated and played the pink in a way i leave my oponent snookered behind the black. However if the black was removed my opponent would only be able to make contact with centre and 1 side of the blue ball…..is this considered a foul snooker by me, as he can’t hit the finest of edges and the ball on.
    Regards Glenn

    • The relevant rules are:

      Snookered: The cue ball is snookered when a direct stroke in a straight line to any part of every ball on is obstructed by a ball or balls not on. If there is any one ball that is not so obstructed, the cue ball is not snookered. If in-hand within the Half Circle, the cue ball is snookered only if obstructed from all positions on or within the Half Circle. If the cue ball is obstructed by more than one ball, the one nearest to the cue ball is the effective snookering ball.

      and

      Free Ball: After a foul, if the cue ball is snookered, the referee or player shall state “Free Ball.” If the non-offending player takes the next stroke he may nominate any ball as on. For this stroke, such ball shall be regarded as, and acquire the value of, the ball on. It is a foul should the cue ball fail to first hit, or – except when only the pink and black remain on the table – be snookered by, the free ball. If the “free ball” is potted, it is spotted, and the value of the ball on is scored. if the ball on is potted it is scored. If both the “free ball” and the ball on are potted, only the value of the ball on is scored.

      No.
      It would be a foul if you had snookered him behind the pink. You may not nominate a free ball and then snooker your opponent behind that free ball. (Note: IF ONLY pink and black remain, you COULD do so…but here we have the blue as well, which is the ball on.)
      In this case you played the pink as a free ball (legally), and have snookered your opponent behind the black. That another ball (or balls) also sit in the path does not matter. The snookering ball is the black. No foul, no free ball.

      Best,
      Avi

      • in the case that you have a free ball shot, if you get that free ball in, does the ball on stay on the table, or is it removed? heres an example if you didn’t understand. assume there is only blue, pink and black on the table. i was snookered from a foul and therefore have a free ball shot. say the ball on is blue and the free ball is pink. if i get the pink in (which then gets spotted), does the blue ball come off the table?

        • No…the free ball creates an “extra” ball. This is what makes a possible 155 break possible. Foul on the break leaves the incoming player snookered on all the reds. He nominates the brown as a red and pots it, then plays a black, followed by 15 reds and 15 blacks, clear up the colours = 155.

          In the case you described, the pink is nominated to replace the snookered blue. It is potted, five points are scored, and the blue ball is now on, also valued at five points…followed by the pink (which was respotted) and the final black.

          I hope that clears it up.

  11. Avi, thank you for the reply; your site is fantastic and i will be recommending it to fellow competitors.

  12. Hi,
    If someone is taking their shot and miscues so they do not hit the white ball in the stroke is this deemed as they have taken their shot and missed, or can they just retake as no contact between the cue and the white ball was made

    Thanks

    • If the cue (tip, shaft or otherwise) does not contact the cue ball, the player’s intent to have struck the shot does not matter.
      He may pretend as if he meant to do it that way, or sheepishly admit to some sort of drunken or talentless fuck-up…but he is most assuredly entitled to readdress the white and play on.

      Technically speaking, a “miscue” involves some sort of failed semi-contact with the white, so (if I understand your hypothetical) we are not talking about a “miscue” but rather a “what the fuck am I supposed to be doing with this tapered hunk of wood?”

      Count it as practice stroke. A feather. Call it what you will…
      Unless he moved something…touched something…it’s a freebie. Just looks talentless and stupid…but ain’t we all by times?

      Good potting, my friend.
      Come back anytime, and tell your friends. I’m here to help.

      Best,
      Avi

  13. i was winning by a long way and the balls that remained were the blue, pink and black and my opponent snookered me and he required snookers to win the game i fouled. can he make me re-take the shot if he required snookers?

    • You are far ahead. Your opponent requires many snookers.
      Blue, pink and black remain. He snookers you. You foul.

      The question is this: Is it foul, or is it a foul / MISS?

      Miss: The striker shall to the best of his ability endeavor to hit the ball on. If the referee considers the rule infringed he shall call foul and a “miss.” The incoming player (1) may play the ball(s) as they lie, or (2) may request that the ball(s) be returned to the original position and have the offending player play the stroke again. Note: if the ball on cannot possibly be hit, the striker is judged to be attempting to hit the ball on.

      For the sake of your proposition, let’s take worst case – it’s a foul AND a miss.

      Here’s the rule:

      Following a foul / miss, the incoming player has the option of having the balls replaced and directing his opponent to play again UNTIL such time as snookers are required.

      If HE requires snookers. it can put back and you can be made to play again…and again…and again… until such time as the referee adjudges that you have made a concerted effort to strike the ball on (a foul, but NOT a miss), or now YOU require snookers.

      Got it?

      If you’re up, you can’t put it back when snookers are required.
      If you’re down, you can put it back until it’s not “a miss” / see #1 above…

      • So how many times can you ask him to take it again? Had this today with my mate not sure how many times I can ask him to take again if he keeps missing after a snooker

    • Look…I wanna be clear.
      Blue, pink, black. 18.

      You got 50. He has 7.

      He snookers you. You foul…and in a manner that fails to meet “a suitable attempt to hit a ball on”. MISS.
      You have FOULED. Five points to your opponent, AND he may replace the balls and insist that you make a better attempt.
      Foul again. Miss. Five points.
      Score now 40 – 17.
      This may continue through 30-27…but at 40-17 the other way, the balls may no longer be replaced.
      Snookers are required. You can’t call a miss AGAINST a player when snookers are required.
      You can MOST ASSUREDLY call one FOR a player when snookers are required.

  14. What happens when a coloured ball is to be re-spotted but its spot is not available nor any of the coloured spots? where does the ball get replaced?

    • If other spots are available, the color goes on the highest value spot open (black…pink…blue…).

      If all spots are occupied, the color is spotted as close to its home spot as possible, WITHOUT TOUCHING THE OBSTRUCTING BALL, in the direction of the foot of the table (the end with the black spot).

      For example, the black is potted and must be spotted, but all spots are obstructed. The black would be placed directly behind the black spot (between the foot rail and the spot) as close to the obstructing ball(s) as possible without touching them.

      One more example: The blue would go as close to blue spot as possible, between the blue and pink spots, without touching the obstructing ball… Imagine a line running lengthwise down the center of the table. The blue spots on that line.

      If you watch any snooker on TV, you will commonly see the referee spotting the pink BEHIND the pack of reds (when a red is obstructing the pink spot that is often as close to the pink spot as one can get). Once he has the pink on that imaginary center line, he moves around to the side of the table in order to worry the pink as close to the back of the reds as possible, then finally rechecks the center line.
      Once you’re aware of the rule, you’ll also notice the pros checking the spot to make sure where the colour will go once it’s potted.

      Note: You are not permitted to either measure, or to ask the referee to check if the home (or any other) spot is available. You may judge for yourself, but the question will only be answered when the ref attempts to re-spot the potted colour.

      Good potting, Ed. Thanks for dropping by.

  15. All the reds are potted and I am on the yellow, I miss the yellow completely and run down the table and hit the blue. My opponent argues that he receives 5 points I argue that because missing the yellow is a foul and incures a penalty of 4 points any subsequent action by the white ball cannot be seen as a further foul because after the first foul the shot has been played and you cannot have an extra foul applying

    • First of all, you may not divide up a shot into “the miss of the yellow” and “the subsequent striking of the blue”.
      From the time you contact the white until all the balls stop moving, that’s one stroke. If you had inadvertently caused the black to go in, that would be a seven point foul.
      Yeah, you missed the yellow. If that’s ALL you had done, it would have been a four-point foul. Unfortunately (for you) the white proceeded to strike the blue. That’s a five point foul. If you look through the rules, the value of a foul is always four, or the higher value the fouled ball. You fouled the blue. Five points to your opponent.
      It’s not “an extra foul”. Missing the yellow is a foul. Hitting the blue is also a foul. It is A FOUL STROKE. The question is what is the value of the foul. In this circumstance, it is five – the value of the blue.

  16. “Ever play someone who prefers to keep the chalk in the palm of their bridge hand while playing a stroke?
    FOUL! ”

    Why it is not allowed to play with the chalk in one’s hand !?

    • There are a number of restrictions about what can and cannot be used to assist a bridge, a stance or any other mechanical element of a stroke.
      For example, if it is the case that a player is too short to properly cue on the surface of the table, they are permitted to stand on a box or some form of raised platform in order to address the ball. HOWEVER, the platform must then be used on every shot. A player may not use it just to assist with reaching a ball in an awkward position.
      Another example: If the cue ball is obstructed and one needs to bridge over an intervening ball, one may not add some sort of “thimble-like” finger extenders to increase the height of the bridge. Your hand, or the elevated rest, is permitted – but no physical enhancements. Holding the cube of chalk in your bridge hand while playing a stroke is considered an enhancement to your bridge and is thus not permitted. One might (and may not), by way of example, place the chalk on the table and use that as a base for the tips of the fingers (thus elevating an “over-ball bridge” by the height of the chalk). This is a foul.
      As a side note, it also tends to get chalk dust on the playing surface. Chalk is abrasive and will cut the fine fibers of the cloth, increasing wear, so it’s just better for the table to keep it away from the baize.

      Thanks for coming by and good potting.

  17. Pink and Black left on table, score is 30 to 28. player with 30 sinks pink but misses touching black ball.
    score now 36 to 35 or is it end of game because of foul on Black?
    Thanks

    • I’m not sure I understand the question.
      30-28…player with 30 pots the pink = game over. 30+6 = 36.
      Score 36-28. Even if they foul the final black, they still win 36-35 (foul on final black is always game over unless it results in tie score).
      IF the foul stroke on the final black DID result in a tie score, you re-spot the black, lag (or draw lots) for first play, and the frame is determined by pot or foul. However, in the circumstances you seem to describe, the fouled black DOES NOT result in a tie score.
      Game over. Player with more points wins.

  18. Hope this clears my question, foul on black should not result in automatic loss because pink and black were on table at the beginning of play (black was not the only ball left). This is the way we scored it, Pink made 6, foul on black -7 net result 1 for other team ,so score was 30 to 29.
    Thanks again

    • A foul on the final black is ALWAYS the end of the frame UNLESS it results in a tie score. Period. Thems the rules.
      That the pink and black both remained at the beginning of the “inning” does not matter. Once the pink is potted, you are on the “final black”. Foul = game over. Most points wins.
      50-42. Foul on the final black. Final score = 50-49.
      50-45. Foul on final black. Final score = 50-52.
      There is no “should not”…there are only the RULES of Snooker.

    • Quick note – foul on the final black does not mean an automatic loss. It means the frame is over. The player with the most points wins.

      • Is it the player with the most points before the foul or after that wins the frame?
        Eg. I’m winning a frame 63-59 only the black is left, I go in-off when playing the black have I won the frame 63-59 or lost the frame 66-63?

        • Your opponent is awarded seven points for the foul on the black, the frame is over, and you lose.
          If the score were tied after the seven points, the black would be respotted and you lag (or flip a coin) to determine who plays first from the D. First to pot the black wins (or foul…loses).
          Good potting.

  19. hi avi i am the chairman of rhyl and district snooker league can you settle an arguement over the free ball rule.the pink was touching the blue on the centre pocket ,the player fouls and leaves me a free ball i nominate the pink and pot the blue using the pink the player says it’s a foul i say both balls are deemed to be blue and carry on with the break,who is right please ian

    • After a foul, if the cue ball is snookered, the referee or player shall state “Free Ball.” If the non-offending player takes the next stroke he may nominate any ball as on. For this stroke, such ball shall be regarded as, and acquire the value of, the ball on. It is a foul should the cue ball fail to first hit, or – except when only the pink and black remain on the table – be snookered by, the free ball. If the “free ball” is potted, it is spotted, and the value of the ball on is scored. If the ball on is potted it is scored. If both the “free ball” and the ball on are potted, only the value of the ball on is scored.

      Hope that helps. If you’re still stumped, let me know and I’ll try to provide diagrams.

  20. hi i have snookered my oponent and he atempted to hit the object ball but missed and potted the white ball can i put him back or is it my shot from the “D”

    • Depends. You say your opponent was snookered. IF he was “fully snookered” (unable to strike, in a direct line, any part of a ball on), then you must ask another question: Did he make a fair attempt to hit the ball on? If he did not make a strong enough attempt (for example, in order to avoid selling out many, he simply drove the white straight into the pocket) that is a “miss” and the white ball may be replaced, and your opponent made to play again.
      If he was not fully snookered – he could have struck a ball on, but elected to play for a ball that was obstructed rather than play for the open shot – that is automatic miss. It doesn’t matter how hard he tried to play the ball. The white may, at your discretion, be replaced.
      IF, however, your opponent made an attempt (to the best of his ability) to strike the ball on, but missed it and potted the white, that is simply a foul. You have ball in hand.

      The miss rule is one of the trickier bits of snooker. If, for example, your opponent is playing for the ball on with a difficult three rail shot IN ORDER to obtain a safety by making thin contact – AND he could quite easily hit the damn thing by playing two rails (which he chooses not to do in order to avoid selling out) – those will always be misses. He cannot argue “I’m trying my best” when he is eschewing an easier shot. You may keep calling misses UNTIL such time as the score tilts to the point where he requires snookers to win. After that, no more misses.

      I hope that answers your question. Let me know – if not, I’ll try to explain it in more detail. Good potting.

  21. Hi i have always wondered that when you play snooker and pot two reds at the same time that is it allowed and counts as 2 points?

    Or is it classified as a foul?

    My friend and i have had many disagreements over is it or foul and if it counts.

    Thanks for any help, Barry

    • When the ball on is a red, you can knock them ALL in (if you can manage it) and they ALL count one point each.
      So, in answer to your specific question, yes – they both count, you score two points, and it is not a foul.
      Good potting…and GO RONNIE!

  22. Does the referee have to tell the incoming player when the ball is in hand?

    • One wonders how the incoming player would not know. Ball in hand – or rather, ball from within the D – occurs only after the white has been pocketed. The referee would remove the ball from the pocket and place it (commonly against the back rail) in plain view of the incoming player. I would presume the incoming player would know it was ball in hand.
      I’ve seen a situation where the white appeared certain to fall into the pocket and the shooter stopped that from happening by placing his hand in the pocket. The referee called foul for touching the white. The incoming player assumed it was therefore ball in hand and picked it up. The referee called foul on the incoming player BECAUSE the white had NOT actually gone into the pocket.
      But to answer your specific question, the referee would be permitted to respond to that question, if asked…but not to offer free advice to a player. For example…the white has gone in; the ref has placed it at the top cushion. The incoming player prepares to play the white from that position. The referee, IF ASKED, may say “Ball in hand”. If he is not asked, he is NOT PERMITTED to prevent the player from making a foul stroke.
      Does that answer you question?

      • Let me get this straight…There’s such a thing as illegal ball handling?

        I would never dream of making a blanket rule against the handling of my balls.

  23. hi. what is the situations which in that case players should hit the black ball twice?

    • The only situations I know of where it is permissible to play consecutive black balls are the following:

      1. Following a foul, the incoming player is snookered on any and all reds – cannot strike, in a direct line, both sides of ANY red ball. This creates a “free ball” situation, in which the incoming player may nominate any color in place of a red and play that ball as if it were a red. Nominating the black, the player pots it and then proceeds to play the black ball again (as a color).

      2. Potting the final black results in a tie score. The black is respotted and, following a coin flip to elect first play, the player who potted the final black now, again, plays at the respotted black from the D.

      I can think of no other situation where shooting consecutive black balls is not a foul…although, it may be the case that I have misunderstood your question. You said “hit the black ball twice”…which seems to me, on its face, a foul.
      In any case, if I failed to address what you had in mind, please feel free to come back with a more detailed question. Hope my response was helpful.

      Good potting
      -Avi

  24. If the inhand player finishes his shot and dosn’t pot a ball but leaves a ball on the edge of the pocket eg white or red.As he leaves the table whilst the in coming player is arriving at the table the white or red ball drops in the pocket.What is the ruling.If its white is it a foul against the original in hand player or the incoming player.If its red and the original ball on was red is he allowed to continue his break.

    • This is a judgment call on the part of the referee. A ball may “settle” into position, either due to some imperfection in the table or in the ball itself. You’ve probably noticed it before…a ball just seems to shift ever so slightly. In such a case, it is considered the nature of the game and the ball is not replaced (by which I mean that no attempt is made to shift the ball ever so slightly back to where it was).
      If the ball comes to rest on the lip of the pocket AND the player, having completed his inning has left the table, and the ball THEN drops into the pocket, the referee shall replace the ball as nearly as possible on the lip. IF however, the player has not left the table, AND the incoming player has not approached the table, the referee MAY deem the ball to have been potted – legally (as in the case of a ball on), or a foul (as in the case of the white).
      As I say, it is pretty much entirely a judgment call on the part of the referee.
      One can imagine situations where such a turn of events would be rather controversial: Final black in the deciding frame, for example.

      I recall one particular situation in a match between Mark Selby and Graham Dott. The ball didn’t come to rest on the lip, but was prevented from dropping into the pocket by the player’s hand – the sort of thing we’ve all done down at the club when we’re about to foul. Here – watch for yourself:

      • All Dott had to do to solve it all was simply pot the White into the corner pocket straight from the D without contacting any other ball – then Selby would be 4 points up in the exchange of fouls and he would have ball in hand which he would have had in the first place if Dott didn’t stop the White dropping down the pocket after his attempt at a safety.
        So not bad refereeing in my opinion just poor sportmanship from Dott.

        • Technically correct refereeing, and I agree that Dott should have intentionally potted the white in order to achieve the result he intended by preventing it from dropping in the pocket.
          Actually…I’m gonna have to check on something…
          As I recall, the value of the foul as called was four points. I think it should have been an intentional foul (seven points). Hmmm.

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  26. I was playing against a friend last night and was winning the last frame with just the black left. I just potted the pink and was leading by 12 points when I attempted to pot the black off of a cushion. I missed the black and he told me that because it was the last ball and a foul, that I have lost the frame. Is this correct?

    • No. Your friend is wrong.

      You led by 12 points. Foul on the final black = game over (unless that results in a tie).

      You foul. You lose 7 points. You win by 5.

      Your opponent, if he knew anything about snooker, should have shaken your hand when you potted the pink.

      Good potting…and slap your friend HARD for me.

  27. When breaking is it allowed to hit the cushion first before hitting the reds?

  28. Hi
    I was playing a quarter final match last night and after potting a red I went for a blue over the pocket but which was covered by the bunch of reds, so went up and down to try and pot it, I could see other colours but when I didn’t make contact with the blue, a miss was called (rightly) my opponent elected for me to re take my original shot, was I correct to go for the same ball and pot it?

    • You can continue to attempt the blue as long as you like. Whether it’s “correct” or not is merely a matter of opinion.
      If you elect to attempt the blue (on which you snookered) and fail to hit it, it is automatically a miss (since you ELECT not to play any of the open colors available). Such failure to strike the blue will called a miss until such time as the score reaches the point where you require snookers and, if your opponent so chooses, the balls will be replaced. Once they are replaced, what you do is up to you.

    • Just to be perfectly clear: After the miss (electing to try the blue rather than another open color and failing to make contact) your opponent can have the balls replaced and require you to shoot again. He CANNOT require you to shoot the blue. You could nominate one of the open colors and play that legal shot.

      • Colo_rs? Colo_rs???

        I go away for a few weeks and you start spelling American? (and in response to somebody who actually used “colour” at that) What the fuck?

        Please tell me you just need to reset the language setting in your spell-check to “Real English”, so I don’t have to play Language Cop on you. I’m almost as bad as the Language Police in Quebec.

        • And here I thought you were singing that rap song from that Sean Penn / Robert Duvall cop movie: Colours…colours…c-c-c-Colours.

  29. I played a friend of mine recently and got stuck after i missed all balls remaining on the table. He called a free ball even though he could hit both sides of the one remaining red on the table but he said because he couldnt pot it that he still got a free ball is this correct?

    • No. Your friend is wrong. If he is able to strike both sides of the ball on he MAY NOT nominate a free ball. Being “able to pot” the ball is not required…and what does that mean, anyway? Is he saying that it would not go ANYWHERE? Not one cushion? Two banks in the side? Three rails off another ball?
      He was required to play the red.

  30. If a player fails to contact his ball is it that he is reducted points or the opposing player gets the required added scores ?

    • For any foul the points are awarded to the non-offending player. For example, if you fail to strike the ball on, your opponent is credited with the value of the foul.
      There are some kinds of snooker games where the points are deducted from the player. Black & Yellow, for example – a four player game in which the partners are not determined until very late in the frame. In such cases, deduction is the only practical option. However, in the common two-player form of snooker (as noted above), the points are credited to one’s opponent.
      Good potting and thanks for stopping by.

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  32. If a player is snookered on the yellow ball which is the next ball to go for after the opponant fouled takes the blue as a yellow on potting the blue the white ball knocks the yellow ball down is it a foul stroke

    • Your question is rather confusing. I presume you mean to say that the incoming player has been awarded a free ball following a foul, nominates the blue as the free ball (in place of the yellow) and while potting the blue also pots the yellow.
      In this situation, there are TWO yellow balls on the table: The yellow (on which the incoming player is snookered) and the blue (which has been nominated as the free ball). In this case, the blue must be respotted (else what to shoot after the brown is potted?) but for the purpose of this stroke the free ball (scored as the yellow) is legally potted and the yellow ball (which is the “ball on”) is fluked. Score 2 points, respot the blue, and play on.
      Good potting and thanks for dropping by.

      • – So if the “free-ball yellow” and real yellow are both potted you don’t score 4 points like you score 2 points for potting 2 reds? And it’s not a foul either? Does the real yellow also have to be re-spotted and be the next shot to play or not?

        – what happens if you miss the “free-ball yellow” but knock the real yellow in by accident?? Do you score 2 and carry on at the table or is it a foul and opponent comes back?

        • Jesus…who ARE you? These are excellent questions. Assume yellow is the ball on, but you are entitled to nominate a free ball. It is a legal shot to play the free ball into the yellow and thereby pot the yellow…so it would stand to reason that if one were to pot both the yellow and the free ball (which has the value of the yellow), you would score four points.
          The yellow would not be respotted in either case: if it were potted in a combination with the free ball, it stays down; if they are both potted, the yellow stays down and the free ball is respotted (assuming it’s a coloured ball).

          If you MISS the nominated free ball, that’s a foul. You have nominated a free ball and must strike it first (although, after having done so, it is not a foul to pot the “real” yellow).

        • when playing a free ball on the reds and potting the free ball plus a red you will score 2, if you do the same on the colours only a single score is awarded, so potting the free ball yellow and the real yellow in the same shot awards only 2, the real yellow stays down, the free ball is re-spotted and the next shot is for the green. so it’s not ideal as you lose the chance of 2 extra points but it’s a valid shot.

  33. I play with someone who breaks off by hitting the top cushion first before hitting the red pack. Is this legal?

    • Yes. So long as the first BALL contacted is a red, your opponent can play the break shot off as many cushions as they like.
      It’s not a good strategy (none of the pros break that way), but it’s perfectly legal.
      Good potting.

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  35. After a foul, if the cue ball is snookered, the referee or player shall state “Free Ball”.if player played free ball and potted it and agian snookered can he take again a free ball?

    • No. The free ball is only awarded following a foul (and resulting snooker) committed by one’s opponent.
      If you snooker yourself following a legal pot, then you are snookered and must attempt the ball on.

  36. Sorry about the typo in my previous question; I meant ‘reds’ not ‘beds’ of course:

    Today, in Chiang Mai (boy is it hot!), my playing opponent left me with a cue ball and touching red. I played away as required and snookered him on reds, leaving the cue ball behind a batch of colours. He claimed I had fouled him. I said my play was perfectly legit. Your opinion please. Yours is a great columnt!

    • Your shot is perfectly legal. He’s snookered. You must play away from the touching red, and the touching red is deemed to have been legally played. You are entitled to roll the white behind (or to contact) a colour. Your opponent is wrong.
      Good potting 🙂

  37. Hi,can the referee assist a player by measuring the gap between 2 balls and then telling the player that the white will go through,between the balls.

  38. if im snookered and tried to get out but i hit a colour ball instead of a red can the other player make me retake and same question say im snookerd again ?

    • It depends. It would appear from your question that your opponent is employing the “Foul/Miss” rule.
      When the incoming player is snookered, they must make their BEST attempt to strike the ball on. If they fail to strike the ball on, and do not make their best effort at doing so, the opponent has the option of having the balls replaced and making the striker play again (and may do so repeatedly until the referee either judges that the best attempt was made, or the foul results in the striker requiring snookers).
      This rule is designed to prevent the striker from playing an intentional foul to leave the white ball safe, or attempting a far more difficult hit in order to avoid leaving the opponent an easy red.
      For example: If the striker chooses to play a very difficult three rail hit which (if successful) would result in a safety, and in so doing refuses to play a very easy one rail hit (which would leave the opponent a very easy red), failure to strike the ball on would automatically be called a “Foul/miss” – the balls may be replaced and the striker made to play again.
      However, not every failure in such circumstances is a miss. If the striker is in a truly fucked situation, and makes their best attempt to strike the ball on, it would just be a foul and the balls may not be replaced. It is often a judgement call.
      Failing to strike an open ball on, or refusing to play an open ball on in favour of a snookered ball on, will always be called a miss.
      The foul/miss rule is perhaps the most complex part of the snooker rules, and even experienced referees will sometimes cock it up.
      If I have failed to explain it clearly, please feel free to get back to me and I’ll happily have another go at confusing you. You may also find it helpful to search on YouTube for examples of the foul/miss rule and see how it is employed at the professional level.
      Good potting.

  39. If I pot a red ball and another red also goes in is that a foul?

    • No, it is not a foul. You could pot all fifteen reds on a single stroke and they would all count.
      The same does not, of course, apply to the coloured balls.
      Good potting, Gerard. Thanks for stopping by.

  40. my opponent went in-off. i came to the table with one red left on the table. however from the d i could not hit both sides of the red. in my opinion this is a free-ball. my mate said it was not a free-ball because i could place the cue-ball in the left side of the d and from there i could hit the left side of the red. then i could place the cue-ball in the right side of the d and hit the right side of the red. my argument is that wherever i placed the cue-ball in the d i could not hit both sides of the red at the same time. who is right.

    • You are correct. The requirement is that, on the stroke, you are able to contact both sides of any ball on. Being able to strike the left side from one position and the right side from another position is a free ball.

      Thanks for stopping by and good potting.

  41. Question.. If a player deliberately rolls up directly and slowly behind a colour to place a snooker, is it a foul?

    • Well…that depends. If the “Ball on” is a colour (your opponent has successfully potted a red), AND the white ball makes contact with the nominated colour, then it is a legal stroke and you are snookered.
      There is no obligation that any ball contact a rail after contact (or, for that matter, before contact).
      So, in answer to your specific question: No, it is not a foul (assuming the conditions noted above are true).
      I hope that was helpful. If you need anything further, I’m always here.
      Thanks for dropping by, and good potting.

  42. 1) If you pot a red then nominate the colour you are going to play can you change your mind and nominate a different colour?

    2) what happens if a shot is played and the result is that the white ball ends up touching-ball from multiple sides? so that for the next shot the white ball cannot play away from all of the balls it is touching and is guarantee to foul on at least 1 of them??

    • 1. Yes. Until you play the stroke, you may nominate any ball you wish…and you are free to change your mind. This is not true for other situations…for example, your opponent fouls and you direct him to shoot again. Once you have stated, “Shoot again,” you may not then change your mind and play the stroke yourself.

      2. The stroke (assuming it truly is impossible to avoid one or more touching balls) will be called a foul, but CANNOT be called a miss. In such a situation, any stroke is deemed to be a legitimate attempt to stroke the ball on. The value of the foul will be determined by which of the touching balls moves.

  43. Thank you for such nice information.
    Need your expert opinion for below mentioned query please:
    “Only Black left on table and striker having 7 points commits a foul and cue ball in offs either after or without striking black.
    Will black be respoted also?”
    Please confirm.
    Best regards,
    Asad Baig

    • If, after EITHER the final black is potted OR the final black is fouled, the score is tied, then the black is re-spotted and you either lag or flip a coin to determine who plays first from the D. Winner of the coin toss (or lag) may choose to shoot first or direct the opponent to play first.
      In the situation you describe, the striker leads by seven points and fouls on the final black. Opponent is awarded seven points for the foul, the score is tied…and the black is re-spotted as above. First player to pot the black wins (or, alternatively, fouls and loses).

      Good potting, Asad. Thanks for visiting.

  44. Thank you very much for reply. I am greatful.
    Kindly confirm also that is cue ball jumping a foul if cue ball doesn’t jump off the table neither jumps more than the height of a ball?

    • There are no jump shots in snooker. Attempting to make the cue ball jump over an intervening ball is a foul. Accidentally causing the cue ball to “jump” is not a foul if the white does not jump higher than the height of a ball. If the cue ball does not leave the playing surface (drop in a pocket OR go flying off onto the floor), it is not a foul…presuming that it strikes the ball on.

  45. If you foul on a respotted black, can their be another respot in the same frame if you pot the black, or do you forfeit the frame?

    • Either potting OR fouling the final black ends the frame. Once the final black is potted (or fouled) whoever has the most points is the winner.
      The only way the final black is ever respotted is IF that last pot (or foul) results in a tie score. The black is respotted, and a coin is flipped (or you may lag balls, or draw lots…whatever) to determine who shall play first from the D. First player to pot the black (scoring 7 points) is the winner…OR, conversely, to foul the black (7 point penalty awarded the the striker’s opponent) is the loser. Thus, a “respotted final black” can not be respotted a second time.

  46. i have a question please, at the begining of the frame its my opponents break, when breaking he miss cues, hitting the blue and not disturbing the reds, what is the referees decision :-

    Foul, 5 points to me i know but do i have the following options :-

    me play from were the white has finished or
    ask my opponent to play again ?
    does he play from were the white finished or
    does he have to re break from within the D ?

    and my other point is, when breaking do you have to disturb the reds or not ?

    Thanks
    Daemon

    • The striker is always obligated to hit the the ball on. Failure to do so is a foul.

      If your opponent strikes the blue on the break shot, he has committed a foul.
      Had he simply failed to strike a red, the value of this foul would be four (4) points. Since he has, instead, struck the blue, the value of the foul is five (5) points.

      Following this foul, you may:
      1. Play from the position where the white has come to rest
      2. Instruct your opponent to shoot again from the position where the white has come to rest
      Or,
      3. You may invoke the dreaded “Foul/Miss” rule. IF, in the judgement of the referee, the striker has not made sufficient effort to strike the ball on, he shall (except in circumstances where the striker requires snookers) indicate a “Foul AND a MISS.”
      Failure to contact an OPEN ball on (as is the case of the reds when breaking from the D) is ALWAYS a foul/miss.
      The incoming player then has the option of having the balls replaced as they were and having the striker shoot again.
      You do, however, raise an interesting question: IF you were to have the balls replaced, would the striker be obligated to play from the same position within the D, or would he have the option to reposition the white WITHIN the D (as on any normal break shot)? I am not sure about this last bit…but you would certainly be entitled to have him play the break shot again from the D (AND with the blue back on its spot).

      There is no obligation to disturb the reds on the break shot, or to have any ball contact a rail thereafter. If you were able to float the white ball up to the pack of reds with such gentle and perfect weight that it made the barest of contact with a red, yet did not in the slightest cause any red ball to move, that would be a perfectly legal shot. ALL that is required is that the white contact the ball on.

      Hope that answers your questions.
      Good potting.

  47. Only the colours left on table and i snooker my opponent behind the brown. He then proceeds to miss thw yellow and just as im about to play my shot my opponent states that i have a free ball if i want because of the position of the black ball in relation to the yellow, i state that i didnt think it was a free ball and proceeded to play my shot. This is where the debate started.

    1: after i played my shot my opponent said that if i had missed the yellow and snookered him behind the black then he would have had a frew ball reagrdless if i meant to snooker him.

    2: i then said that i didnt nominate a free ball and he said that it was irrelevant becaise of the position of the balls.

    It was close on points at rhis moment but we didnt really know for sure on the rules, can you clarify rhis please?

    • I’m not sure of the situation you’re describing, but I will try to help anyway…

      The incoming player has the option to nominate a free ball when, following a foul by his opponent, the path to the ball on is fully or partially obstructed by an intervening ball.
      More precisely, (assuming the ball on is the yellow), if the striker is prevented from cutting BOTH sides of the yellow by some obstructing ball (or the knuckle of a pocket…), he is entitled to nominate any other ball in place of the yellow and play that ball as if it were the yellow.
      (In the case of the ball on being a red, the path to every red must be partially obstructed…you couldn’t simply observe that the path to one red is obstructed while ignoring other open reds).

      With regard to your statement #1, IF you had missed the yellow (a foul) AND snookered your opponent behind ANY ball, he would be entitled to nominate a free ball.
      With regard to your premise (the black ball in relation to the yellow) – this is what confuses me (ANY obstructing ball following a foul results in the option to nominate a free ball).
      With regard to your right to nominate a free ball: you may well have had the option, but you are never OBLIGATED to nominate a free ball.

      Caveat: You may not nominate a free ball and then snooker your opponent behind that free ball EXCEPT when only the pink and black remain. Eg. the ball on is the yellow, but you are obstructed and nominate the blue as a free ball. You MAY NOT roll up behind the blue and snooker your opponent on the yellow. You may nominate the blue and then snooker him behind any OTHER colour…just not the blue.

      It is irrelevant whether or not you intend to snooker your opponent. Following a foul, IF the path to the ball(s) on is partially obstructed, the incoming striker may nominate a free ball.

      Hope that clarifies things. If not, please reply and we’ll try again.
      Good potting.

  48. Thanks for your response but i will try to clarify more of the situation.
    With only the colours on the table my opponent missed making contact with the yellow(foul).
    On approaching the table for my shot my opponent states that i have a free ball if i want due to the position of the black next to the yellow as it stops me cutting both sides of thw yellow.
    I didnt nominate a free ball as i thought i had a straightforward pot of the yellow on.
    I proceeded to go for my pot but got a bad contact on the yellow and missed the pot and leaving the white behind the black but not snookered on the yellow.
    My opponent then stated that if i had snookered him after hitting the yellow then he would have had a free ball, regardless if i had nominated a free ball or not.

    • Your opponent is wrong. A free ball may ONLY be nominated following a foul (and subsequent obstruction of the ball on). Since you made perfectly legal contact with the yellow ball, any snooker that results is simply that – a snooker (regardless of your intention to play a snooker or not).

      Best,
      Avi

      ps. He’s right about your option to have played a free ball in the first instance. If the black prevented you from cutting both sides of the yellow, you were entitled to a free ball (not obligated, simply entitled). Following your legal contact on the yellow, were he snookered, he is NOT entitled to a free ball).

  49. Thanks again but still slightly confused.
    My opponent did foul by missing the yellow ball, then he said to me that i have a free ball as he thought the black was preventing me cutting both sides of thw yellow.
    I didnt nominate a free ball as i had a farely easy pot on which i missed because of a bad contact.
    This is where the debate started.

    1: he told me after i played my shot that as it was a free ball (regardless if i thought it was or not) and i missed the pot. If i had snookered him then it would have been a free ball to him.

    2: i stated that because i didnt nominate a free ball and if i had subsaquently snookered him then it wouldn’t have been a free ball to him.

    3: his argument was that even if a didnt nominate a free ball, it was a free ball and if i did snooker him behind the black which was causing the free then it would have been a foul

    • It is the OPTION of the incoming striker. That one MAY nominate a free ball is beside the point – you DIDN’T nominate OR play a free ball.

      Following his foul, you had the OPTION (according to him) to nominate a free ball. You did not. You played the yellow ball…and, as I understand it, made legal contact with the yellow ball, but failed to pot it.

      If, after legally playing the yellow (because you are not obligated to nominate a free ball…even IF you had been snookered on the yellow, it would still be your option to attempt to play at the yellow and forego a free ball), your opponent had been snookered, it is simply a snooker. He has absolutely no right to nominate a free ball because YOU DID NOT COMMIT A FOUL.

      Your opponent needs to stop huffing gas or whatever the fuck he’s been into.
      Let me try the same thing again in slightly different arrangement:

      Just because you MAY take a free ball does mean you MUST. It is the option of the incoming striker, FOLLOWING A FOUL, when the ball on is fully or partially obstructed by an intervening ball.
      You apparently had the OPTION of playing a free ball (due to the black preventing you from playing both sides of the yellow).
      You did NOT play a free ball – you played at the yellow, made legal contact, and failed to pot the yellow. YOU did NOT commit a foul.
      Your opponent, now returning to the table, must play at the yellow. You did not foul, and if he is snookered, then he is snookered. He has NO right to play a free ball.

      IF you had nominated a free ball, and then snookered your opponent behind that free ball, THAT would be a foul.
      This is not what happened. You turned down the free ball, played the yellow and simply failed to pot it. He must take the balls as they lay, snookered or not.

      That you had the option of playing a free ball is completely and utterly irrelevant.

      Have we sorted it out?
      Let me know. 😉

  50. Yes buddy thanks for sorting it out.

  51. I was leading by seven points with black left at the table. It was my turn so while hitting the black I potted the cue ball.
    Now, will my opponent gets 7 points and we call it a even and move to re spotted black.
    Or
    My opponent gets 7 point and he gets the cue ball to put anywhere inside the D area to hit his next shot

    • Either potting the final black OR fouling the final black, by rule, ends a frame of snooker.
      In the case you describe, your foul on the black gives your opponent seven points. This results in a tie score at the end of the frame.
      The black is respotted and you flip a coin or lag balls to determine who shall play first from within the D. Then, potting the black wins (and, of course, fouling the black loses).

      Good potting.

      • In a match at the weekend my opponent was playing using the rest. After playing his shot he slipped when trying to remove the rest hitting both the brown and pink. The Referee asked him which he moved first and he replied “I don’t know”. The Ref then said as the brown went further I think it was brown first and he awarded a 4 point foul. Is this correct?

        • No. Imagine both the brown and pink were potted on a foul stroke. It makes no difference which one entered the pocket first (or which may have been the ball on). In any foul involving balls of more than a single point value, the higher is the value of the foul. In the case you describe, it doesn’t matter which ball he touched first, or which moved the greater distance – the value of the foul is six points (pink).

  52. Can I in a free ball situation where there are only colours on the table, (for instance green upwards),elect the brown as the green, and cannon the green in off the brown

    • I’m not sure that I understand the hypothetical situation you are trying to describe. If you nominate a free ball, you MUST contact THAT ball first.
      For example (following a foul, after which you are obstructed from playing at both sides of the green), were you to nominate the brown as a free ball in place of the green, you would then be OBLIGATED to make first contact with the brown. Failure to make contact with the nominated free ball would be a foul.
      Now, having said that, once you have made contact with the nominated free ball (in this case the brown), it is perfectly legal for you to pot the brown OR the green. The brown is the “ball on” by virtue of being your nominated free ball. The green is ALSO the “ball on” by virtue of being THE GREEN (although, in the case of having nominated the brown as a free ball, you MUST contact the brown first).
      I don’t see how you could canon the green off the brown. Your question confuses me.
      If the foregoing has sorted you out, all’s well that ends well. If, on the other hand, I have misunderstood you, please reply and we’ll try to sort it out.

  53. can anyone tell me in a doubles snooker semi-final are there rules governing the sequence of players breaking off, i broke off in frame 1 and then again in frame 3 when it was our side to break off, i was told that this was not allowed, but no one knows of any rules to govern this….

    • The first team to break off is determined by coin flip. Which player from that team breaks first is up to the team. After that, the next time that team has the break, the OTHER player must break. Alternating break shots is the rule – both as regards teams (odd frames vs. even frames) AND as regards players on the team (Player A, then player B).
      So, if you broke in the first frame, you would then have the break shot again in the fifth frame.

      • hi, my computer wont allow me to enter my question in the normal box so im tagging it on here in the hope somebody can answer….

        anyway, my question regards an incident in a local quarter final match. after potting the first red, then the black, the striker was unhappy with how the black had been respotted (it had rolled slightly off the spot). he asked the referee to respot it which he did. he still wasnt happy and asked again. still unhappy the striker then picked up the black and spotted it himself. i would like to know if this is a foul as the player shouldnt handle the ball himself? he went on to make a 50+ break

        • That’s a foul. It is the striker’s responsibility to ensure the balls are properly spotted before playing his next stroke BUT his only option is to ask the referee to respot the black. He is NOT entitled to touch the balls himself except in the case of the white ball when it is “in hand”.

  54. good morning. I play snooker for fun and we are simply amateurs so we not have the elaborate screws etc. My opponent whilst potting a red got his cue ball in the red bunch and could not see any colors . He chose Yellow and when off the cushion behind the black but i could see the whole red balls so it was not a free ball. He did not even attempt to play the yellow and gave away 4 points instead of playing the black and missing it. when i was young we were taught to go for the ball we have chosen.

    • Failure to make one’s best attempt to contact the ball on is a foul AND “a miss.” The incoming player has the option to have the balls replaced and make the offending player give it another try.
      Choosing to play a more difficult shot while eschewing an easier one (going long rails at the yellow for the better safety, for example, rather than playing the easier black) is AUTOMATICALLY a “Foul / Miss”. Until your opponent either contacts the ‘ball on’, makes (in the referee’s judgement) his best effort to do so (assuming there is not an easier legal shot to play…back to the automatic miss element), or the resulting foul leaves him requiring snookers, you will have to option to replace the balls as they were and make him try again…and again…and again.

      The foul / miss rule is a tricky bit. If you wish for more explanation, let me know.
      Good potting.

  55. Hi I have two questions if you would be able to answer.

    1. Last week I was lining up to pot a red which was just over the bag. While down on the shot the blue ball rolled about a quarter of an inch on to its spot (it’s a club table) and now prevented me from potting the red. I reckon the blue ball should be moved back to where it was similar to a ball dropping in while cueing up. What should happen? I just played the shot as it now lay, swerving the white to hit the red.

    2. At my local snooker club I was observing a game of doubles. One of the players played a beauty of a snooker however it should have been his team mate who played it. The opposing team said that this was a foul, took four points for the foul and put the other team back in. The player back in wasn’t the player who played the snooker but his team mate as it should have been his turn in the first place. What should have happened in this situation?

    Regardless of the rules on the doubles situation I thought it was very poor sportsmanship from the team calling the foul because we all regularly play out of turn at doubles due to players going to the bar or toilet.

    Thanks,
    Jamie

    • 1. The blue is left where it sits. Balls will sometimes shift position slightly – it happens. It’s not the same if a ball drops in the pocket.

      2. It is technically a foul to play out of turn. Your opponents have the option of making the legal striker play again (in your case, NOT the chap who played out of turn and laid the snooker). In the case of folks regularly playing out of turn due to trips to the bar, you may confidently assert that the pair who called the foul are a couple of douchebags…but they’re within the rules.

      Good potting.

  56. Hi all got a question here which I personally believe is aload of bollox! Ok I’ll get started. Was playing a game of snooker the other day and it came down to a BLACK ball game, my apponant was a few points ahead and went in off the black ball. So White potted off black. Black was pretty much top end of table in line with pocket (easy pot from White in the D) because my apponant could still win if i missed black he grabbed the black ball and said RESPOT! I said u cheating f*** put the black back on table and let me finish the game. I took my shot potted black and finalised the game. He claimed it was wrong and black should have been respotted. I argued that black had no reason to move back to it’s spot as the WHITE was potted and that I had the power to either take my shot or make him go again!!! Please please please tell me I was correct because if not snooker rules need re writing lol many thanks!

    • Foul on the final black ends the frame. Non-fouling player is awarded 7 points, and whoever has the most points wins.
      The black is only ever respotted if the foul results in a tied score.
      Your opponent had no business grabbing the black off the table for a respot UNLESS his foul had resulted in a tie.

  57. If a player pots a red then the cue ball hits the blue and white goes into a pocket. Is the penalty 4 or 5 points?

    Same game: green is potted but cue ball hits pink then black and white goes into pocket.
    What is the value of penalty?

    • If red is the ball on, and a red is legally contacted, it does not matter what the white ball subsequently touches before going in the pocket – the value of the foul is four points.

      If red is the ball on, and a red is legally contacted, and the white ball then knocks the blue in the pocket – value of the foul would be five points.

      GREEN is the ball on. It is legally potted. White ball then touches every other damn ball on the table in order and goes in the pocket. Value of the foul = four points.

  58. I have a couple questions for you.
    1st. You have put your opponent in a snooker with all the colours remaining, how many times can you make him retake the shot or can you even make him retake it if he has committed a foul?

    2nd. How many times can you do a foul and a miss call, and can the person for example is in need of snookers make you retake it numerous amount of time?

    3rd. I’m ahead on points and don’t require any snookers. I have out my opponent in a snooker, how many times can I make him retake it?

    • Assuming your opponent commits a foul AND A MISS when attempting to get out of the snooker, the white ball may be replaced and your opponent made to play again UNTIL he requires snookers (or, of course, successfully hits the ball on). A “Miss” CANNOT be called when snookers are required by the player who is thus snookered.

      Q2: I believe the answer above suffices. If I am missing something, drop me a more detailed question.

      Q3: You may make him retake it (ASSUMING he commits a foul AND a “Miss”…which is different from a mere foul) until he requires snookers.

  59. Hi
    On black twice there’s misse.

    • I am not sure what the question is here. Foul on the final black ends a frame of snooker, EXCEPT when that foul results in a tie score – then the black is respotted and the white is played from the D (lag to see who plays).

  60. I am playing to get out of a snooker on the yellow ball and miss it the cue ball then hits the blue and then the pink what is the penalty incurred?

    • Five points. You fouled the blue.
      Had you merely missed contacting the yellow = four point foul
      Had you hit the pink first = six points.
      You hit the blue – five points.

  61. Question~ plz is white wish in snooker really….( mean if i can finish all my balls 1.3.5.7.9.11.13 are inn , most i put in black bf4 i can be the winner

    • I don’t understand your question…and the string of odd numbers is confusing.

      You win a game of snooker by scoring more points than your opponent. If you have scored more points than remain on the table, your opponent needs snookers. If you come to the final black ball, and you are leading the score by more than the value of the black ball, you do not need to pot the black to win.

  62. Its not very clear in the rules for me so this is my question:
    If i score a red then score a colour, do i have to score another red before attempting a colour?

  63. can you shoot a red onto a color onto a red and pocket the last red – ie does it count

  64. If after potting a red, the player puts his hand on the table to line up for his next shot (the black which is hanging over a pocket) but before he strikes the cue ball the black drops into the pocket (from the player putting his hand/weight on the table)……..is this a foul shot???

  65. Question please: A SNOOKER player is shooting red. He misses and emotionally drops his head on the table. He hits the green ball with his hand, then the pink. Is his opponent rewarded 4 points for green or 6 for the pink? thank you for your response.

    • Jesus…good question. I am inclined to say the value of the foul is six (if he had potted both green and pink while shooting a red, the value is always the higher).
      But I must admit to not being sure about this one. COULD be a seven point foul (technical “intentional” foul)…but I think six points is the correct answer. I shall dig into it and reply again.

  66. if u have a touch ball on a color ball , and the same color ball is the ball one , then can we play it directly or we have to release it

    • Sorry for the delay in responding.
      If the white ball is touching ANY ball, you must play away from that ball. If the touching ball moves, it is a foul (push shot). If the touching ball is the ball on, it is deemed to have been hit by playing away from it – there is no need to hit it again.

  67. i have a question..i just potted a red and the cue ball stops touching the pink..i cant see any other colour..is it right what i heard,that in this case you can nominate the pink ball,play away,but pot a red thats over a pocket and carry on playing….

    • You MUST play away from the pink. IF you nominate the pink, it is deemed to have been played by the touching ball, and need not be struck again.
      THE PINK MAY NOT MOVE (foul – push shot). You may, alternatively, nominate any other COLOUR and play that ball (which you must then strike first or it is a foul…and, again, the pink may not move).
      Since a colour is the ball on, you MAY NOT play a red ball. You must at least strike the nominated colour (or play away from the nominated pink). You must legally POT a colour before being permitted to take on a red ball.
      To be more clear…after playing away from the touching pink, you MAY strike a red ball. If you pot it, it is a foul. PINK is the ball on.

  68. Im creating a scenario to try illustrate my question better;
    Eg: player 1 has been at the table and scored 55 points then missed his next shot so player 2 comes to the table and he scores 45 points – the only balls left now are the blue, pink and black so to win the frame player 2 has to clear up however he misses the pot on the blue.
    The two players get into a safety exchange until player 1 eventually gets a tough chance to pot the blue and hence leave player 2 needing a snooker if he pots it, he pots the blue but he played the shot with safety in mind and left the white behind the black and so snookered himself on the pink. My question is this – is player 1 now obliged to escape his own snooker because i always see them do this but surely if they have snookered themselves and the frame is technically over why should they have to hit the pink??
    I think of it a bit like when a player has made a large break and leaves the final black on the table instead of potting it, it’s his own choice because he has won the frame really.
    Cheers :):):)

    • The frame is NOT over. While player 1 now leads by 15 with only 13 remaining, it is still open to player 2 to attempt to snooker player 1, gain 6 points, and clear up to win the frame. In point of fact, player 2 could continue laying snookers all day, and until player 1 (now down some ungodly number of points from failing to successfully escape the series of brilliantly laid snookers) concedes, the frame continues until the final black is either potted or fouled.
      TRADITIONALLY, when ONLY the black remains and the lead is greater than seven points, the losing player concedes (and often well before that point, if the difference in the scoreline is substantially more than available).
      Leaving the final black TECHNICALLY results, eventually, in a foul: either against the player who walked away from it for delay of game, or for the incoming player who plays it out of turn. If the score difference is greater than 7 points, it simply doesn’t matter.
      Nevertheless, a frame of snooker is ONLY finished when the FINAL black is potted or fouled. Player with most points wins. This is ALWAYS true, except in the case where a player concedes the frame…which they are entitled to do at the start of any turn at the table.
      Interesting aside: While it is technically open to the LEADING player to concede…or to the trailing player to concede…IF a leading player were to do so, or a trailing player WHEN THERE ARE STILL SUFFICIENT POINTS REMAINING ON THE TABLE (or frames in the match left undecided), it is considered very poor etiquette. Ronnie O’Sullivan was fined for conceding his match against Hendry well before it was over.
      In the situation you describe, player 1 has snookered himself. If he fails to strike the pink, his opponent gains six points (or seven, should the black be struck), and may then take pink and black to steal the frame.

  69. can a player lose points? i always thought when a foul was committed the opposing player would get the points. if so which situation would cause a player to lose points?

  70. In a game the other day, my opponent managed to get me in an impossible snooker – the ball on was the yellow, and I was wedged against the cushion by the green and the black such that there was no gap out for the white without hitting either green or black. I therefore had no legal stroke to hit the yellow. What are my options?

    In the event, (after much discussion!) it was deemed that I should still make as ‘best’ an effort as I could to hit the yellow, so play a stroke in the direction of the yellow with sufficient power to hit the yellow had the snookering balls not be there (i.e. a genuine effort to hit the yellow), incurring a 4 point penalty for hitting the green, but no call of a miss. Thoughts?

  71. If in the course of his duties a referee accidently knocks a red ball into a pocket is it left down or replaced in its previous position?

  72. When using the rest to play a shot must one hand be on the rest as you play your shot ,

    • No. It just works better that way…both in terms of positioning the rest precisely, and in removing it from the playing surface (which sometimes must be done quickly in order to prevent fouling a moving ball).
      In fact, it is not even necessary that your hand be touching your CUE when you play a stroke. Imagine a situation in which the white ball is VERY close to the ball on (but not touching). If you wish to simply nudge up to the ball on – to play a snooker behind a baulk colour for example, it is extremely difficult to play the white without committing a foul. I have see players lay their cue on the table, holding the tip end above the back edge of the white ball. They then drop the cue so that the tip brushes across the back edge the white ball, nudging it into the ball on without committing a “double hit” or “push shot” (a foul in which the tip of the cue is in contact with the white when the white is in contact with the ball on). This is a perfectly legal stroke.

  73. If I have 7 points and shoot at the 7 and scratch then it’s a tie game
    or did I lose

    • A frame of snooker ends when the final black is either pocketed or fouled UNLESS that results in a tie score.
      If, after awarding your opponent seven points for the fouled black (or taking seven points for a successfully potted black), the score is tied, the black ball is respotted and you may either flip a coin or lag balls to determine who shall play first from the D. First to pot the black wins…or, conversely, first to foul the black loses.

  74. cueball strikes red ball and cueball ends up in a pocket knocking the black into a pocket as well – 4 points or seven points away?

    • The value of the foul is 7 because the black was pocketed. It would be a 7-point foul even if the white had not gone in. Pocketing any colour when the ball on is a red constitutes a foul, the value being four points, or the value of the fouled colour (whichever is greater).

  75. Many thanks for your answer – Tony Allen

  76. Hi there. If only the colours are remaining and you are on the blue for example and you pot the blue and go in off does that blue get re spotted? Thanks

  77. At what score line in a frame is a player not allowed to come back to the table to try snooker his opponent to win the frame.
    Obviously when needing 1, 2 & 3 snookers players will come back to the table and in rare cases I’m sure I’ve seen wankers like selby come back to the table needing 5 or 6 snookers, I’m just wondering if there is a point when a player needs too many snookers to be not allowed to come back to the table by the law of the game??

    If not then technically could a player come back being 130 points down in a frame with only 3 or 4 balls left to get snookers with lol?

    Cheers :):):)

  78. CAN YOU SNOOKER YOUR APPONENT BEHIND A FREE BALL ?WHEN ONLY THE BLACK AND THE PINK REMAINS

  79. Hi
    I refereed a snooker frame last night and awarded a miss against, One of my own team.
    He was snookered behind the brown(on its spot) with a red over the black r/h pocket. Whilst cueing over the brown he made contact with the brown first and as a result the cue call travelled about 3inches.
    I felt he had not made a good enough attempt based on his ability.
    I was told later that I cannot call a miss in these circumstances as the foul takes precedent. A qualified referee was also at the match and agreed with my decision.
    Which decision should was correct ?

    • You were correct.

      • Many thanks
        Could it be the case that the initial foul (on the brown) should have been awarded instead. My team captain insists this overides

        • You can’t break a foul stroke down in little bits and then say “THIS bit of the foul happened first, so the rest of it doesn’t count.”
          If that were the case, touching the blue with your finger while potting a red AND knocking in the black would be a five-point foul. It isn’t…you knocked in the black. It’s a seven-point foul. The fact that you moved the blue on the contact stroke is just ONE element (which, by itself, renders that stroke – address, contact, until the balls come to rest – a “Foul stroke”), but you don’t call “Foul element”…the proper term is “Foul stroke.”

          In the specific situation you described, the “stroke” is deemed foul when he touches the brown with his cue. The “stroke” ENDS when the balls have come to rest.
          Since it is a foul, the question, “Is it also a miss?” must be considered by the referee. It is a judgement call…and one perfectly sound basis for calling a miss is, “You didn’t come anywhere fucking near the ball on.”
          ANOTHER perfectly sound basis for calling a miss is, “You are, in my opinion, a better player than that, and you should have come closer than you did.”
          EITHER of those reasons support calling this particular foul a miss.
          You had BOTH OF THEM on your side.

          Your team captain is beginning to annoy me. I don’t mind people being wrong. I don’t care for people being insistently wrong.
          He seems to think there were two fouls: Touching the brown, and then moving the white ball a few inches. There isn’t. It’s one foul, and it’s also a miss.
          Tell him to shut the fuck up.

  80. if when breaking off you don’t hit a red is this a foul and what happens next

    • Foul. Opponent gets four points (or more if, for example, you were to hit the blue).
      Incoming player may play from where the white is, have the break shot replayed from the D (because missing the reds on the break shot is a “Miss”) or make the fouling player play from where the white has come to rest (shoot again).
      If, after the foul, the balls on (reds) are snookered, the incoming player is entitled to a FREE BALL.

  81. Hi what happens if player number 1 requires snookers (e.g. 15 points) with only pink and black left and player number 2 fouls while potting the pink – meaning just the black left with 9 points needed.

    • If he fouls while potting the pink, the pink is re-spotted. It is not off the table. In your scenario, the score is now 9 points difference with 13 remaining.

  82. What happens if in the process of potting an “on” colored ball, the cue ball rolls, contacts another colored ball and ends up potting that ball also? Is this a foul? And if so, what is the point deduction?

    • Yes, it’s a foul.
      You may pot two reds (…or as many as happen to fall in a pocket…if red is on) and they both count.
      When potting a colour, only the ball on many be pocketed.
      There is an odd situation that occurs with a FREE BALL.
      Imagine we’re in the colours and I commit a foul while playing the blue. The balls come to rest with the blue on the lip of the pocket, and you are fully snookered behind the pink. While you could, of course, make me play from the snooker (shoot again), the blue is on the lip…I might knock it in.
      In this situation, you may nominate the pink as your free ball, and play it onto the blue, thus pocketing the blue. You score five, pink is on.

  83. If I am on a colour and I pot it, but the white then hits a red over another pocket and the red goes in, is this a foul? If so, is it 4 points to the other player or however many the colour I was on is worth? If it’s not a foul, how many points do I get for potting the colour + red?

    • It is a foul stroke. The value of the foul is four points OR the value of the colour you were playing, whichever is higher (or the higher value colour you knock in).

      For example: You are playing the yellow. You pot the yellow but the white knocks in a red ball. This is a four point foul.
      Conversely, you are playing the blue; pot the blue; white knocks in a red. This is a five-point foul.
      HOWEVER, imagine you are playing the blue, and the white knocks in the black ball. This is a seven point foul.

      If that’s not clear, let me know.

  84. Hi there

    Very good useful website Thankyou.

    I’m trying to get into watching snooker but may being abit thick. I don’t understand the thing about the scoring system. It says (25) which I though was first one to 25 games but play seems to stop at 13 games. I’m not getting it?

  85. If u nominate the blue balls. Pot it . Then the white ball knock the pink in . How much fouled is that . 5 r 6?

    • It is a six point foul. A foul is at least four points OR the value of the highest ball involved in the foul.
      Were you shooting the yellow, but hit he black first: 7 points.
      If you potted the yellow, but also knocked in the blue: 5 points.
      Your example: Potted the blue, but also knocked in the pink: 6 points (both blue and pink are re-spotted)

  86. What happen if the cue ball is touching the black and they were last ball on a pool table ?

    • You must play away from the black. If it is touching the white and it moves on the stroke, it is a foul (push shot).
      Fouling the final black (unless it results in a tie score) ends the frame.
      The touching ball is deemed to have been hit even though you play away from it.

  87. I have a question, if there is a respoted black, can you play the black with the first shot???

  88. Bit of a daft one here purely for a pub quiz.

    I’m playing a game of snooker and go on a horrendous run of bad luck and rack up 159 points worth of fouls without a single ball being potted (told you it was daft). My opponent then found leaving me a free ball (score difference now 155). With the bad luck behind me I proceed to take 155 points to level the game for a re-spotted black. I win the toss and double the black with the very first shot to win the game.

    I’m sure I heard that if you pot the black with the first shot from a respot then it still counts as one continuous break so with that in mind would the theoretical highest possible break in snooker be 162 and not 155?

    • Yes, it would. I had not considered the respotted black
      I am, however, impressed by your opponent’s inability to make contact with a red so many consecutive times.

    • Wait a minute…I’m not so sure.
      I believe the “break” is concluded with the tying black.
      The intervening lag, or coin flip, offers at least an opportunity for your opponent to come to the table.
      It seems to be that makes the first shot on the respotted black another inning. The value of the black would be added to your score, giving a total of 162, but I’m not sure it counts as part of the break.
      Although…no one else has take a shot and you haven’t missed a ball…
      Fuck.
      I hate you.
      Twat.

  89. A frame of snooker reaches the point where Pink & Black are the only balls left in play. Player A is at this moment 1point ahead. It is his turn to play, he pots the Pink he is now 7points ahead, he plays the Black to win the frame. However he misses the pot the Black ends up 4inches from the Baulk cushion on a line with the centre spots down the table.
    The white however goes In Off, foul 7points to his opponent. Match points now all square. Question: What happens next. Does player B play from In Hand from the D for Black?
    Does Black have to be Re – spotted and coin flipped as to who plays?

    • Foul on the final black ends the frame. If the score is tied, the black is re-spotted and lots are drawn (coin flipped, lag balls) to decide who shall play first from the D.
      If the score had not been tied – the foul on the final black leaves one or the other with more points – the frame is over and the leading player wins. Black is respotted only after the final black is potted or fouled, AND that results in a tie score.

  90. My Questions are :

    1) Are the red balls also nominated before potting? For e.g do I have to specifically tell which red ball i am going to pot and in which pocket??

    2) After potting red ball we have to pot color and we must nominate the color ball before potting it. Do we have to specify the pocket as well?

    3) If the ball I am potting goes into the pocket with touching other ball, will it be count?? For eg I have to pot a red ball, and my first touch is on the red ball but the red ball touches blue then goes into the pocket. Will it be a count?

    • 1. No…ALL red balls are “the ball on”. If you miss the one you’re playing and hit another, knocking it on, it counts.
      In snooker you never need to nominate a pocket – any pocket will do (flukes count). You only need to nominate a colour when it not clear which one you are playing.

      2. No…see above.

      3. Yes, it counts. It could touch every ball on the table, bounce up on the rail, follow the seam of the cloth along the rail and drop into the pocket…it counts.

  91. Hi if your opponent Snookers himself then misses the object Ball can u put him back in ? Cheers colin

    • Following a foul by your opponent, you always have the option of having them shoot again from where the white ball comes to rest.
      In the case of a foul MISS (see the miss rule – it’s a little tricky sometimes), you have the option of having the white ball put back and making them play from the same spot again (unless snookers are required, in which case the white cannot be put back).

  92. when ist red is covering the second red in a free ball position…if we remove ist red we can play both the sides of the second red ball ..It will be free ball or not while ist red is covered by pink pall (one side)?

    • Following a foul, if you do not have an unobstructed path to a ball on, it is a free ball.
      You do not have an unobstructed path to the red partially snookered by the pink. Because of that red, you do not have an unobstructed path to any other ball on.
      Thus, you do not have an unobstructed path to a ball on.
      Free ball.
      You may NOT nominate the pink and then roll up behind the pink in order to lay a snooker. That’s a foul. Just sayin’.

      • I think he’s saying can reds cause free balls, which they can not, ie miscue the cue ball in to the pocket on the break without touching the reds, the next player does not have a free ball despite not being able to actually get past either side of a single red since they could get past wither side of the end reds of the pack if it were not for the other reds. If you could remove only reds to enable getting either side of another red then it is not a free ball.

  93. During a recent game my opponent potted his red and the errant cue ball knocked in the brown, he claimed he got the points….I say it’s a 4 point foul as his “ball on” was the red…who is correct or should I just punch the cheating w@nker?

    • He gets no points – cannot score points from a foul stroke…and knocking the brown in when the red is on is a foul.
      You get four points (blue would have been five), he gets nothing.
      He keeps any points accumulated prior to that foul stroke. If, for example, he had potted red-black, THEN knocked in the brown while potting the next red, you get four points, he gets 8 points.

  94. if there are not enough points on the table for somebody to catch up, is the game over or can they keep trying to play snookers until the pink is potted?

  95. My opponent recently played a shot to the brown as his nominated colour. After striking the brown first the cue ball continued to travel, kissed the pink after which the cue ball went directly in-off.
    Is this a four point or a six point foul?

  96. If it’s your apportment is 9 points in front but puts the white ball in off the black has he lost the game

    • I presume you mean the final black…
      No, your opponent wins.
      He leads by nine points and fouls the final black. You get seven points for the foul and the frame is over (rules state that a frame is over when the final black is either potted or fouled),
      The frame is over and your opponent has more points than you do – he wins.
      If the award of seven points from his foul resulted in a tie score, then the black would be re-spotted and you flip a coin to determine who plays first from the D…same rules then apply: pot the black, you win (scoring seven points); foul the black, you lose (points awarded to you opponent).

  97. Playing a doubles snooker match I assisted my partner with positioning the rest/bridge then moved away while he took his shot? Is this covered in the rules as our opponents disapproved.

    • It is the responsibility of the striker to place and remove the rest. You are not the striker. I’m not sure if it’s a foul, but you are not permitted to do it.

  98. I was playing at my local club and was on the colours, after potting the brown I snookered myself on the blue, I missed the blue and a foul and 5 points to my opponent, he then continued to say he would put me back in the same position behind the pink, was that a correct action?

    • Depends on the score, and the nature of your failure to contact the blue.
      When you attempt to get out of a snooker, IF you choose some more difficult way to play the shot (as opposed to some easier way because that would be more likely to give your opponent a easy pot) AND you fail to hit the ball on, this is automatically a foul and “a miss”…and your opponent can have the balls replaced and make you shoot again.
      Also, if your attempt to strike the ball is considered to be “not good enough” – a player of your ability should, at least, get closer (because there are some situations where NOT striking the ball on may be beneficial, and intentionally missing a ball is not snooker). This MAY be called a miss, if in the opinion of the referee the attempt was not good enough, the balls may be replaced and the striker directed to play again.
      This is the case UNLESS snookers are required. A miss cannot be called if either player requires snookers.

  99. The scores are level my opponent leaves me in the position were there is not a path to the red does the ref call a foul and a miss after every effort until there are snookers required

    • If, in the referees judgement, the attempt to hit the ball on was sufficient (despite failing), a miss will not be called.
      For example, if the easiest path to the ball on is still extremely difficult, and the striker makes every possible effort to contact the ball on, the referee MAY choose not to call a miss.
      Misses are commonly called if a player has an easier ball to hit, an easier path to take but opts for the more difficult shot in order to play safe(r).
      Also, whenever, in the referee’s judgement, the skill of the player supports the conclusion that the ball should have been struck – what might be a miss on Ronnie might not be a miss for me.
      There are some situations where a miss MUST be called, and some where it is a matter of judgement…but a miss can never be called if snookers are required.

    • If after a foul you do not have a path to a ball on, the referee should state, “Free ball.”
      It may also be a miss…but in the situation you describe, it’s a free ball.

  100. Just seen ronnie o Sullivan almost break his cue in anger on the rail of the table in his match with Matthew Stevens. If his cue broke what would the referee do and would he be allowed to replace his cue. You are not allowed a replacement in the game of golf

    • Unsportsmanlike conduct foul (which I believe is 7 points minimum, perhaps loss of frame).
      I don’t know if he would be permitted to replace his cue. The only alternative would be to award the match, which seems excessive, so I expect he’d be permitted to continue. But I don’t know for sure.
      Good question.

  101. Ronnie osullivan placed his chalk between balls on the table during his play then removed it, is this a foul

  102. Hi, just saw Ronnie put his chalk on the table in what appeared to be marking the line of the colours. Is this legal, as I thought you couldn’t put anything on the cloth as a measuring aid?

    • This question has been addressed either above or below in the thread. It’s a foul; it was not called; once the next shot is taken, the foul is deemed to be condoned.

  103. On a free colour ball situation can the nominated free ball ie black be used to pot the snookerd colour ie blue is this a legal shot
    Thanks

    • Yes. If you were snookered on the ball on (say yellow) and a free ball is declared, you may play the free ball onto the yellow, pot the yellow, and continue with the green on.

  104. This afternoon, Ronnie placed his chalk on the table to line up a future shot. It looked as though he was using it to see if the pink would be on if it were respotted amongst the cluster of reds.
    The referee made no comment, and neither did his opponent, but the BBC commentators had a debate about whether this was a foul.
    Steve Davis seemed to think that it was, but they all agreed that the referee is in charge of the game.

    • That’s about it.
      It was a foul (seven points) but it was not called by the referee. Once the next shot is played, any previous uncalled foul is deemed to be condoned. But one is not permitted to use anything to measure distance or gap.

  105. I have ball in hand in the D. Can I shoot backwards(behind the baulk-line) to pot a red ball?

  106. I read online that they are no longer using the D in tournament snooker.
    You place the ball anywhere on the baulk-line and shoot upward or back as you like. Is this true?

    • No. Not in any proper snooker tournament in which the rules of snooker apply.
      They might be doing that sort of silly shit on some 10-foot tables in New Jersey or some fkn place, but not where people play SNOOKER.

  107. If my opponent fully snookered me first attempt I hit the blue, that’s a foul and a miss (5 points) to my opponent, second attempt I succesfully hit the red and then the Cueball goes in off, is that just a foul or is it a foul and a miss and can you put me back to attempt the shot again? I said my second attempt was just a foul as I had hit the ball on but had gone in off, he and another player said it was a foul and a miss and therefore the balls were replaced and I had to attempt it again.

    Just to clarify there was only one red left on the table so hitting any other red was not possible.

    • It is not a miss. You hit the ball on.
      Would not matter if there were 15 reds on the table…it ain’t a miss.
      You went in off – ball in hand to your opponent, who has the option of putting you in from the D. But the balls cannot be replaced.

  108. I thought so thank you for confirming that for me. I knew I was right

    • Also, with regard to your first attempt (in which you hit the blue).
      This is, of course, a foul BUT it is not necessarily “a miss.”
      IF there were an open red you could play, but you opted to try a more difficult red, then it is always a miss.
      IF there were an easier path to the red, but you opted for the more difficult line in order to try and get safe, that is also always a miss.
      IF in the referee’s judgment, you did not make an effort to contact the red that was up to your ability, that is a miss.
      If snookers are required, it is NOT a miss.
      BUT if your attempt to play the red was as good a try as you could make – an honest attempt to play the red that came close but, in fact, hit the blue, that MAY BE just a foul.
      The miss rule is complicated.

  109. i have seen in some pro games where if the ball on is red and white is touching a red before the shot. The player then takes the shot but doesnt move the red, but it is still counted as a hit because the red was already touching before the shot. If the ball on is red, and before the shot, the white is touching a colour, for example blue, does that mean that it would be a 5 point foul no matter what you do as the white is touching the blue before the shot?

    • The frozen BALL ON is deemed to have been hit.
      If the frozen ball is NOT ON, it is not deemed to have been played.
      If the white is touching any ball on, it is a foul if the ball moves (push shot) – the cue may not be in contact with the white ball when the white makes contact with the ball on. This is why players must play away from a frozen ball.
      If the white were frozen to the blue (and red is on), it would be a foul if the blue moves, but so long as the player shoots away from the ball, it is not a foul.
      Imagine the ball on sitting in the jaws of a pocket with the white frozen to the potting angle. If you were to pot the ball directly, even by striking down on the white in a masse shot, that would be a foul (push shot). However, if you play the white ball AWAY from the object ball, it is deemed to have been hit. IF you played away from it, off one or more cushions and back onto the object ball – knocking it into the pocket – that is a legal shot.

  110. At the start of my turn the cue-ball is touching a Red; and, is also snookered by the Brown on another Red hanging over the brown pocket. I inadvertently play a jump shot and pocket the red over the pocket without disturbing the touching ball. Is it fair or foul?

    • Jump shots are illegal in snooker. It’s a foul.
      Also…there is no “Brown pocket.” The brown ball’s home spot is between the yellow and green, which (by virtue of their position) permits the two bottom corners to be referred to as the yellow pocket and the green pocket.

      • Well the rules state…

        “A jump shot is made when the cue-ball passes over any part of an object ball,
        whether touching it in the process or not, except:
        (a) when the cue-ball first strikes one object ball and then jumps over another ball;”

        by that definition, if the player nominates the touching red and then hitting away jumps the brown to pot another red, is it not the case that the touching red is object ball and is considered struck at the moment the shot is played allowing the cue ball to then subsequently jump any other ball without foul?

        • One need not nominate the touching red. It is deemed to have been played. One may or may not hit (or pot) any other red (either intentionally or by fluke) – the touching red is STILL already played. If a player were to intentionally jump an intervening ball, the rules can respond – there are provisions for intentional fouls among others related to conduct and fair play in the referee’s discretion.

  111. Thank you.
    Sorry rushed the earlier post hence the stupid error. Meant the Red was hanging over the “Green pocket”; and, was obstructed by the Brown ball. So it’s still a foul.

  112. Striker is in-hand. Places the cue-ball on the table. Disturbs the yellow. Referee calls a foul. Opponent comes to the table and moves the cue-ball with his cue. Referee calls a foul. Presumably the cue-ball was still in play and the opponent should have played it from where it was resting. How does play continue from here? Is it a ball in-hand or does the striker have to play it from the position it now occupies?

    • It must be played from where it sits. It was ball in hand – the striker who had the white in hand placed it on the table…then committed a foul.
      The incoming striker does NOT have ball in hand. Moving the white ball with his cue is a foul…and does not result in ball in hand.
      There was a professional match in which something like this happened…I don’t recall who was playing (I think it Graham Dott and Ali Carter but I could be wrong).
      One of them played a shot and the white was heading into the heart of the green pocket. The player stuck his hand in the pocket and prevented the white from leaving the table. Referee called foul.
      Incoming player picked up the white, assuming he had ball in hand – referee called foul again. Because the ball did not, in fact, leave the playing surface, it was not ball in hand. Picking the white ball up was, then, another foul.

  113. You have just jogged my memory. I recall that it was Graham Dott and Mark Selby. Have the rules not been updated since the incidence quoted? Would the situation have been different if the incoming striker touched the cue ball with his hands instead of his cue in this instance? Or does it matter at all how he touched it?

    • Doesn’t matter what he uses to touch the ball (except the tip when playing a stroke). The incoming striker cannot move the white ball.
      It was ball in hand. The ball was placed on the table. The player with ball in hand is free to reposition the white, within the D, as he likes. But then he committed a foul.
      The foul means that his turn at the table is over.
      The incoming striker DOES NOT have ball in hand and must play it from where it sits.

      EDIT…or, of course, the incoming player has the option, following a foul, of putting the offending player back in, who would then ALSO have to play the white from where it sits.

  114. I have a question about a shot,
    Ok situation is player 1 potted a red ball and there are still 5-6 reds available on the table.
    After the red he spotted brown as he wanted to continue his shot, and then the difference between white ball and the brown ball is around max 3-4 inches.
    What he did he actually touched the brown and left the snooker behind brown ball to the other reds. Is it allowed to put snooker between mentioned ball?

    I believe it is not allowed to put a snooker between mentioned ball, and I think it’s a foul game. But please reply me as you are the guru of Snooker. Waiting for your reply.

    • Not sure about the situation.
      You say he potted a red, then POTTED A BROWN.
      This means the ball on is now RED. If he rolls up behind the brown, he has failed to hit a red (the ball on) and commits a foul.

      However, if he merely potted a red, and then nominates the brown as his colour, he is entitled to roll up behind the brown and leave his opponent snookered (it is, after all, the name of the game).
      He must, of course, make contact with the brown. Failure to contact the brown (the ball on) is a foul. But presuming he touches the brown, he is perfectly entitled to leave the incoming player snookered.
      If I’ve missed your question, please let me know.

      • No he did not potted the brown, but he left the white ball behind brown. To make a snooker to reds, and that brown was his mentioned ball after red.

        What do you say now?

    • You’re not allowed to snooker behind the chosen ball only if its when a free ball has been called. For example the player before him fouled and left him snookered without seeing any reds. therefore a free ball is called and he can nominate any ball to play as red. If he nominates the brown (to be counted as red), and snookers behind the brown, that is a foul. that only applies if that shot was a free ball shot.

      • No there was no free ball issue, he potted the red then he mentioned that he wanted to pot Brown. And then he touched the brown and left the cue ball behind Brown Ball and left snooker for the remaining Red balls, is it allowed or it will be a foul?

        • Perfectly legal. The game is CALLED “Snooker.”
          Playing a shot in such a way as to leave your opponent snookered (or with no easy pot) is the very nature of the game.
          I never mentioned a free ball, which would appear to have nothing to do with your question.
          Your opponent potted a red and rolled up behind the brown, leaving you snookered.
          You should turn to him and say, “Nice shot, you prick,” and then try to find a way to hit a red.

  115. can the white ball after a legal shot come to rest on top of the green part of the rail and still be a legal shot?

    • No. If the ball comes to rest OFF the playing surface it is a foul.
      You may be confused by having seen video clips of an object ball jumping up onto the rail, following the seam and ending by dropping into a pocket. THAT is not a foul because the ball comes to rest in a pocket. If the object ball has not dropped into the pocket but remained sitting on the rail, that would also be foul.

      • cheers just one other question, alex higgins at total best v ronnie osullivan at best final world championship what would have the score been? in my opinion alex higgins 18 ronnie o’sullivan 15 or 16

        • Ah…the “Both players at their best” fantasy match.
          I call it for O’Sullivan 18-3.
          Alex was never a massive break builder – he didn’t play “one-visit” snooker. It was a different game back then. You won a frame by knocking in 40’s and playing good safeties.
          The game has changed. It’s now MUCH more one-visit frames. You don’t dare leave a red on from the break shot.
          Alex was a great shot maker and the most talented player of his day but he wasn’t near the level of Ronnie.
          Ding, Robertson, Selby…any of them would chew Higgins up and spit him out.

        • When Ronnie O’Sullivan is in full flight, he would stomp the guts out of god himself.

  116. if i am 7 in front on the black and white goes in does this make it a draw and re-spot the black or have i lost

    • The frame is over when the final black is either potted or fouled (most points wins).
      IF, after the final black is potted or fouled, the score is tied then the black is respotted and a coin flip determines who gets the choice of playing first or putting their opponent in to play from the D.
      In the case you describe, your opponent is awarded seven points for your foul and the score is tied.
      The black must be respotted and played from the D.

  117. clearly people dont know alex higgins, he was a big break builder he won lots of games in one visit and when he won in 1982 he won with a break of 135 also in thaT final he had 3 centuries, again i say higgins 18 osulliuvan 15 or 16

    • I feel I need to reply to this.

      Ronnie O’Sullivan has had 789 centuries in his career.
      Alex Higgins had 80 in his entire career.

      As good a player as Alex was there is absolutely no contest here.

    • You’ve said it now three times. Repeating it doesn’t make your delusions any more true.
      Alex Higgins was a great player IN HIS TIME. He didn’t play the same game Ronnie plays – not stylistically in terms of looking to win in a single visit and/or looking to open the pack as early as possible; he was not NEARLY the break builder that Ronnie is; didn’t have Ronnie’s safety game or sheer potting ability (and that’s despite being the best pure potter of his era).
      Your snotty comment that I don’t know who Higgins was is just blathering, cockheaded imbecility. I’ve been playing snooker for over 40 years and refereeing at national and international events for over 20. I know who Alex was…and I know how good he was…and I know what he did for the game. I also know he couldn’t carry O’Sullivan’s chalk.

  118. clearly the last comment was from someone who doesnt know alex, for a start he had over 100 centuries and far fewer snooker tournaments then, i still say 18-15 approx alex

  119. If I pot a red and the white ball goes in off the blue how many points are awarded as a foul

  120. once again this mans dillusions laughable, look at his 69 break in 1982 semi, his three tons in 1982 final and if you still say not the same level he could perform at just shows you dont know him. i do agree game in general not that good but alex higgins also beat hendry in 1989 and in 1990 maybe not world title but still proved he would have coped modern game. if you had sai 18-15 say to osullivan i wouldnt have minded lol but to say 18-3ish is utterly bizzare, thats like saying selby would lose to davis heavilly at both players best lol im enjoying your lack of knowledge lol

    • Delusions (with an e).
      Bizarre (one z, two r’s).
      Heavily (one l).
      Say (with a y, not an i).

      Thanks for sharing your inestimable knowledge.
      And I’ve forgotten more about snooker than you’ll ever know.

    • For all your silly, pretentious blather about who knows snooker and who doesn’t, you really should check your stats before you parade your ignorance in public.
      In his entire career, Alex Higgins made 78 century breaks. 78. Now, it is possible to win a frame in a single visit with less than a ton but that wee total (65th on the all-time list) doesn’t speak to a massive break builder…certainly nothing compared to Ronnie’s 787 – literally ten times as many.
      No one said Alex wasn’t a great player, a great shot maker or the reason snooker even exists as a professional sport today…but that doesn’t mean he could play today’s game with today’s pros.
      Pointing out that he managed to beat Hendry at the tail of his career – before Hendry took over the sport in the 90’s – is utterly beside the point.
      787 – 78.
      You do the math.

  121. If your opponent fouls by not hitting the black with only the black remaining and you are less than 14points behind (7 for the foul) leaving say only 6 points in it is that the end of the game?

    • Yes. You win. Foul on the final black ends the game…you give your opponent seven points for the foul, and you still have more points…so you win.
      If the seven point foul had resulted in your opponent having more points, then he would win.
      If it resulted in a tie score, the black would be respotted and you flip a coin to determine who plays first with ball in hand.

  122. Some uses of words in the rule book appear contradictory. Can you please clarify the following:-

    The term “potted” consistently refers to the result of a legal stroke.

    Most references to the term “pocketed” in the rule book seem to be made when an infringement of the rules has occurred.

    Can the two be interchanged?

    • A “Pot” is to intentionally cause an object ball to fall into a pocket by a legal stroke.
      “He potted the red and then potted the black.”

      A ball (any ball) is pocketed when it falls into a pocket. It is commonly employed when referring to a foul shot because no one “Pots” the white ball or a ball not on. Nevertheless, the ball (despite not being POTTED, has still been “Pocketed.”

      This is not contradictory, merely an attempt to be clear about the distinction between a legally potted ball and a foul stroke in which a ball is pocketed.

      It’s not that the words cannot be used however you like – if you were to say, “He pocketed the red ball and then pocketed the black ball,” everyone would understand your meaning…but someone (like me) might point out that for the sake of more certainty the rules used the terms “Potted” and “Pocketed” in the manner described.

  123. If all red balls are finished and I m on colour ball in that case if both colored ball and cue ball are spotted then the colored ball is again placed or not?????………
    If cue ball is spotted by opponent then can I give retry???

    • I don’t understand the question.

      When the final red is POTTED, any colour may then be POTTED.
      If the colour is potted, it is then RE-SPOTTED (replaced on the table on its home spot).
      The next ball on is the yellow ball.
      If both the yellow and white finish in a pocket, it is a foul. Four points to the incoming player.
      The yellow ball is re-spotted on its home spot. White ball in hand from the D.
      This applies to all subsequent colours except the black.
      A foul on the final black ends a frame of snooker (except if that foul results in a tie score).

  124. 2 points ahead you pot the pink and then go in off on the black. 8 points ahead. Does the game continue even though your only meant to foul once on the black or does the white come out and then play continues again ?

    • You are up two points.
      You pot the pink. You are now up eight points.
      You foul on the final black. Your opponent scores 7 for your foul, You win the frame by one point.

      A foul on the final black (or potting it) ends a frame of snooker UNLESS the foul (or pot) results in a tie score, in which case the black is respotted and you flip a coin to determine who plays first from the D. Same rule as above: pot it, you win; foul, you lose.

      • It is very simple issue. Alan you win. You’re 1 ahead after the foul on the final Black. Implications of a tie don’t arise in your post!!!!!

  125. i you have absolutely no sight of black ball when white ball is behind the cushion can you call honest attempt??

    • There’s no such thing as “honest attempt.”
      If in the judgment of the referee you made as good an attempt as possible in the circumstances, they MAY not call a miss.
      They might call a miss and expect you to adjust your shot…but it’s up to the referee.
      But the sticker can’t say anything about it.

  126. If i pot all my balls and my opponent didn’t pot any of his balls do i still need to pot the black before i become the winner?

    • In snooker, there are no “my balls” and “my opponent’s balls” – just the balls and the person potting them in order to score points.
      A frame of snooker ends when (a) the final black is potted, (b) the final black is fouled, or (c) a player concedes the frame.
      When a player is trailing by more points than remain on the table (and requires snookers in order to make up the deficit), he or she MAY concede the frame. They are not obligated to do so.
      They trailing player is entitled to continue attempting to gain snookers, thereby decreasing the deficit, and then clean up to steal the win.
      WHEN ONLY the black ball remains, and your opponent trails by MORE THAN SEVEN POINTS, there is no way for them to win.
      If they pot the black, they score seven and you still win.
      If you pot the black, you score seven and you win.
      If you foul the black, your opponent gets seven points and you still win.
      If your opponent fouls the black, you get seven points and you win.

      In the situation you describe, your opponent should concede out of courtesy. If they do not, you may simply either pot or foul the black and the frame is over.
      However, so long as pink and black remain, your opponent is entitled under the rules to attempt snookers.
      There is a rather infamous frame between Ronnie O’Sullivan and Alain Robidoux. Ronnie was winning by a large margin with only pink and black left. But he had been playing left-handed – taking the piss. Even said to Alain at one point, “I’m better left-handed than you are right-handed!”
      Robidoux refused to concede the frame and kept trying for snookers – a way of telling O’Sullivan to go fuck himself.
      Later, he filed a complaint against Ronnie for unsportsmanlike conduct. The WPBSA had a former champion (I always want to say Doug Mountjoy…but I know it wans’t him) play Ronnie, and made O’Sullivan use his left hand. Ronnie stomped the fellow three frames straight. Ruling: If he wants to play left-handed, he can. He’s better than anyone else with either hand.
      Still, there was Robidoux down by 30+ points with pink and black remainsing, trying to play snookers. And there was nothing Ronnie could do except try to point the fkn pink.

      Hope that answers your question.

  127. Hi,please could you settle argument with me and my mate,
    I say that it’s possible to legally pot the yellow ball 3 times
    with 3 shots,he says no,

    • I have bent my brain trying to figure out how one might nominate the yellow as free ball (replacing the snookered red), pot the yellow…then pot it again as the colour…BUT the last red is still on.
      I can’t think of a way to do this.
      If you have an idea about it, tell me…I’ll explain why you’re wrong.
      I believe your friend is correct.

  128. I think I’ve got it. The first shot is a free ball with one red on the table. Yellow is nominated but when putting it you also fluke the last red in the same shot. Next shot is the yellow again as the colour then the third shot is the yellow again as you proceed to clear the colours.

  129. Hi,please could you tell me if a potted red ball could be replaced back on the table, the reason I am asking is that I was marking a game in my local league, our man was 30 points down with 35 points left on the table,it was the other teams turn to play,as he was cueing up his sleeve
    touched another ball,i called a foul but he still carried on with his shot
    and potted the last red,making sure that our man needed a snooker to win,as I called a foul before he took his shot could I have replaced the red.(I did not replace the ball)

    • In the situation you describe, the foul (presuming four points) leaves the trailing side down 26 with 27 remaining, so the frame may be won without snookers.
      Nevertheless, the score could have different, so…
      As far as I know the only situation when a red may be replaced is when, for example, it has come to rest on the lip of the pocket. Then, before the incoming player may shoot, it simply falls into the pocket. In this case, the referee should replace the red on the lip of the pocket.
      In the case you describe, the red may not be replaced.
      Imagine, instead, the red had been potted by the white has also gone in off. There would be no argument about the red be replaced…thus, I don’t see it being put back here (it was not a “foul and a miss.”
      There is no “The foul was called before the shot.”
      If there were, there would be honest arguments over which event occurred first. So, the shot itself is deemed foul without regard for the temporal relationship between brushing a ball with a sleeve and contacting the white with the cue.
      It does seem to pose a logical problem, though. I’ll look into it further because it’s an interesting question and reply again.

      • In this instance it can be said that the offender has deliberately committed a foul and gained a huge advantage.

        Although not specifically stated in the Rules, the red ball can be replaced in this situation “in the interests of fair play ” and the offender should be warned for ungentlemanly conduct.

        See: SECTION 5 THE OFFICIALS
        1. The Referee
        (a) The referee shall:
        (i) be the sole judge of fair and unfair play;
        (ii) be free to make a decision in the interests of fair play for any situation not covered adequately by these Rules;

  130. When playing Pool, if an opponent doesn’t hit a ball but then snookers you, can you move the cue ball anywhere behind the line?
    Cheers

    • Depends what sort of game you’re playing and which set of rules you’re following.
      Under BCA (Billiard Congress of America) rules for 8-ball and 9-ball, your opponent’s failure to hit a ball is a foul and would result in the incoming striker being awarded ball-in-hand anywhere on the table.

  131. We Are new social snooker players and need your directive on the following: all Reds had been potted and my opponent played the yellow but missed the ball completely. The white ball came to rest a short distance behind the black ball with the yellow at the other end of the table. I claimed a foul snooker but my opponent claimed that as I could see a part of the yellow ball it was not a foul. After some discussion I tried to play the yellow but missed. Playing my opponant’s rule cost me the game. Was he correct or could I have made him play the yellow

    • When your opponent missed the yellow, he committed a foul.
      It is not clear whether it was also a “miss” but it appears to have been.
      If it is a miss, you may have the balls replaced and make him replay the shot.
      Whether it is a “miss” or not, you may have him play from where the white ball has come to rest.
      Or, as you did, you may play.
      These are your options following any foul (replacing the balls only on a “foul-miss”).

      The question of whether or not you can see the yellow has no bearing on his having committed a foul.
      It is relevant to the question of whether or not you may nominate and play a “free ball” (some other ball in place of ball on).
      If your opponent commits a foul, and you cannot play the thin edge of BOTH SIDES of a/the ball on due to some obstructing ball, you are awarded a free ball. In the case you describe, you were partially snookered following your opponent’s foul – you should have been given a free ball.

  132. If snookered and play shot and miss target ball how many times can other player put cue ball back in original postion and ask you to retake it if person keeps missing can player trying to get out of snooker be expected to keep trying to get out of snooker and keep giving foul points to opponent how long can this go on for

    • A miss may be called until snookers are required.
      If either player requires snookers, a miss may not be called.
      If, in the opinion of the referee, the attempt to hit the ball on was as good as might be played, given the lay of the balls and the skill of the striker, then a miss MAY not be called.
      For example, if the hit is extremely difficult and the striker makes his best, honest effort to play the ball on (and, presumably comes as close to it as anyone might in the circumstances), it is in the discretion of the referee to not call a miss.

  133. Thankyou for clarifying that. One more query please. If the free ball for example was black and I potted it. Would it count for 2 points or 7? If it takes the place of yellow (2) what happens to the yellow ball. Does it stay up or is it taken out as if it was played? Also, I have been told that if I played the white gently up to the black, snookering the yellow, that is a foul. Is that true?

    • A free ball is always scored the value of the ball for which it stands in.
      If the ball on yellow, and you nominate the black as a free ball, potting the black scores two points.
      The black is then respotted (on the black spot) and the yellow is the ball on.
      This is especially true when a free ball replaces, for example, the final red. This creates an “extra red” and changes the total amount of points remaining. For this reason, you may note a trailing player refusing to pot an easy final red and instead play for a snooker, hoping to obtain that additional “free ball red.”
      You MAY NOT snooker your opponent behind a nominated free ball. It is a foul.

  134. How many balls need to hit the caution on the break or/how many times?

    • In snooker? Zero.

      • I heard if two red balls do not touch the caution on the break its an illegal break is that true or fulse

        • False. All that must happen on the break shot is that the white must make contact with a red.
          If you play very gently off the black cushion and nestle up to the pack of reds without moving any of them…just barely touching a single red…that is a perfectly legal break shot.

  135. I was recently playing s few frames of snooker with my friend.
    We had a bit of an issue

    I had potted a red ball, then I went to pot a coloured ball, but I missed they “brown” but hit the “blue” ball

    Was that a foul, and if so how much points should my friend recieve

  136. Opponent pots white. I’m on black so white as to be placed on starting dot but I’m snookered do I get to move to additional spot within circle or get opponent to take shot again?

    • ?
      If your opponent fouled by potting the white, and you are then on the black, there must be no other balls remaining on the table. How are you then snookered?
      There is no “starting spot” for the white. There is only the “D” – you may place the white anywhere inside the D.
      You may always make your opponent shoot again after a foul. IF it were a foul AND A MISS you could then replace the balls and have him play the previous attempt again.
      Almost nothing about your question makes any sense.

  137. I pot a red and while hitting a colour I potted a red…red goes and stop at the end of the packet and after 5 seconds it pots down…so is it a foul or not…i repeat red falls down in packet after gap of 5 seconds

    • Depends if you have left the table or not. If you’re standing at the table, or just walking away from it, I would call the foul.
      If you have sat down and your opponent is at the table, I would replace the red on the lip of the pocket.

  138. Hi I am curious while playing my friend at the local snooker hall.

    If I go in off with the white and there is no easy red but more than one is visible full ball can he make me take the next shot from the D? I always thought of you can see a red full ball you should take the shot yourself if there no easy pot you play a safety.

    Also if I am snookered and miss can he make me take the next shot from where the balls lie. I think the balls had to go back and I had to play the same shot I missed.?

    Hope you can clear it up?

    Thank

    Matt

    • After a foul, the incoming striker ALWAYS has the option of making the player who fouled shoot again.
      In this case, it is ball in hand from inside the D.

      Yes, he can make you play from where the white comes to rest following a foul.
      IF the foul is also a miss (it may or may not be), the balls may be replaced AT YOUR OPPONENTS DISCRETION. He is free to play the shot himself, make you play the shot, or (IF it is a “foul-miss” and not simply a foul) have you play from the previous position after the balls are replaced.

  139. Hello Cousin Avi! Can I start with some praise (without wishing to appear sycophantic!)? I landed on your site today seeking answers to a conundrum which happened today (with my regular friendly opponent) and I have been thoroughly ‘chuffed’ to read through seven years of your answers! I feel that my knowledge of the rules has increased exponentially in the space of an hour reading your responses – so thank-you! By the way, we share a pet-hate with the Zippo, but what can you do?….

    Anyway, my question if I may:

    Early in our game, my opponent pots a legal red, but the white returns into the mass of reds and ends its progress touching one of the reds. From this position, he has snookered himself and cannot see ANY colour. (Over the past hour I have gleaned that he MUST play away from the red which obviously mustn’t move). However, in playing away from the red, he still can’t get to a colour – even off a cushion – as other reds are impeding his play. Imagine a white touching a red and almost surrounded by other reds.

    He suggests that he will nominate Yellow, in the full knowledge that it will be pure luck if he hits anything, thus reducing his foul score to four (if he doesn’t hit a higher colour).

    From reading previous answers, I presume that I can force him to play the same (miss) shot until he needs snookers, after which I cannot continue to call a miss. Is this correct? If so, it would seem to be an unedifying result of a good early red with bad/unlucky positional play.

    • There are a number of things here.
      First, if there really is no path to a ball on, the shot is deemed to be impossible and a miss may not be called. It is still a foul but cannot be put back.
      (Your interpretation of the “no miss when snookers are required” is correct but that presumes a path to the ball on.)
      However, there are some kinks here.
      You say there is no path to any colour and that may be true. BUT IF there is an “easier” ball your opponent could play at AND he chooses to nominate a ball requiring a more difficult attempt in order to leave you safe, reduce the value of the foul, then a miss should be called.
      It is the same as when a player is attempting to play at a more difficult red to obtain safety…say going off rails to touch up against a red on the black cushion rather than, say, an open red because the cost of missing the open red is too steep. By OPTING for the more difficult attempt, he then incurs the risk of having a foul-miss called.

  140. I pot red then pot green white then goes in off the black what is the foul score

  141. I played for a red hit the red hard and both left the table, is it correct for the red to be replaced near to the position it was hit or place in the nearest pocket as I suggested.

  142. Hi,if a player pots the pink ball and the White knocks the black in, where does the pink ball get replaced if reds are covering it’s spot?

    Many Thanks

    • Highest value open spot (black, then blue, then brown…)
      IF no other spots are available, as close to the pink spot as possible in a direct line behind the pink spot.

  143. If you get a red in and then your touching ball on a colour do you play away or nominate another colour

    • Both. You must play away from the touching ball. You MAY nominate another colour.
      IF you nominate the touching colour, it is deemed to have been hit when you play away.

  144. cousinavi commented on Snooker Rules.

    in response to John tree (10 November):

    Can you snooker player using the the colour you are playing

    Yes, unless it’s a free ball. Otherwise, you can nominate the colour and simply roll the white up snug behind it.

    There is an exception to the rule. If pink and black are the only balls remaining on the table you can snooker behind the black after the previous striker had committed a fault that resulted in you being snookered.

  145. Hi if I legally play a red and pocket it and subsequently a colour goes in off is it counted or a foul?

    • Yes, it is a foul. The only time you may legally pocket more than one ball is when a red is on and more than one red goes in.
      In that case, all pocketed reds are counted.
      When a red is on and pocketed, and colour also goes into a pocket, it is a foul – value of the foul is four points (or more) and the red is NOT scored.

  146. if theres just pink and black left on table and you are 13 behind get your opponent in a snooker and he misses can you put him back??

    • No. A miss may not be called when snookers are required OR when the point difference is the same as the amount of points remaining (or is made the same by the award of points from the foul).
      Following his foul, you only trail by 7…again, snookers are not required.
      Thus, a “foul / miss” may be called and the balls may be replaced.
      HOWEVER, if the scores were reversed, and your opponents foul left him trailing you by 19 points, a miss may not be called and the balls may not be replaced.

  147. Hi, after searching all over I couldn’t find answer for my question which occurred today during game. Your answer can solve a complicated situation.

    There was red and black balls in middle of table not touching each other, i suppose to pot colour and i choode black, even we recorded that shot by fone. Que ball hit black and red ball exactly at same moment. And black ball got potted. Is that foul or am i going to get points for black ball ??

    • Two balls (other than two reds) may NOT be struck simultaneously. The ball on must be struck first.
      If the ball on is not struck first, it is a foul.

      • cousinavi said “Two balls (other than two reds) may NOT be struck simultaneously”

        This isn’t strictly accurate. A free ball and a ball on can be struck simultaneously. Suppose ball on is brown which is snookered by pink after a foul committed by your opponent. The striking of the brown and the pink simultaneously would be legal.

  148. Hi – had my son snookered behind the black. After 5 attempts and misses he hit directly into the black and scattered the balls around the table so that they could not be re-positioned. What would be his penalty in a club match?

    Thanks.

    • Because he slammed into the black, the foul is seven points.
      If, in the opinion of the referee, the foul was intentional it would be a seven point foul without regard for the colour.
      The balls CAN be replaced – it’s just very difficult to get them exactly where they were.
      Nevertheless, it is a foul/miss and the incoming player has the right to have the balls replaced to the best of the referee’s ability to do so and to make the fouling player shoot again.

    • This is a clearly matter of the player in question willfully striking the ball in anger without making any attempt to get out of the snooker and constitutes ungentlemanly conduct. There is no place for this kind of behaviour in snooker and should be treated seriously by reprimanding the offender. The best punishment is to award the game to the offender’s opponent.

      It is covered by SECTION 4 THE PLAYERS

      1. Conduct (a) (ii) and (vii)

      (ii) “any conduct by a Player which in the opinion of the referee is willfully unfair”; and,

      (vii) ” in the event that the conduct is sufficiently serious, award the game to his opponent.”

  149. A player addressing the table ready to play a shot,a hanging red falls into a pocket,is this a foul shot?

    • No. The ball is replaced on the lip of the pocket and play continues. This is the only time (besides a foul/miss) when a pocketed red may be replaced.
      It is a judgement call by the referee.
      Imagine you play a soft pace red. It rolls up to the lip and pauses…then falls in. The duration of that pause is important.
      If the striker is still at the table – the pause is very short – then it is considered a legal pot. If, however, the incoming player is at the table and addressing the white ball, then it is an accident of gravity or god and the ball is replaced on the lip. Where the line is specifically drawn between those two events is a matter of referee’s discretion.

  150. Hi, playing a game last night when this happened, player commits a foul by illegally potting the Yellow, next player mistakenly picks up the cue ball ref calls foul awards 7 points. I say it was a foul of 4 as there are reds left on the table & are the balls on

    • Four point foul or value of the ball on. Since, in this case, the ball on was a red, the foul is four points.
      Relevant rule:

      (b) value of the ball on or ball concerned, whichever is higher, by:

      (vi) touching a ball or ball marker in play;

  151. Define the off the table ruling? If a ball is pushed onto the rail and then end up back on the cloth…is this a legal shot?

    • If it COMES TO REST on the table, it is not ‘Off the table.”
      A shot that jumps up on the rails and then back onto the baize is fine. It is drops into a pocket, it counts.

  152. all the reds are potted and only the pink and black left on the table. The pink is potted but white also goes in and a foul is commited does the pink come back onto the table?

  153. Only ball left on table is the black ball, as I get ready to shoot the other player picks up some balls from the corner pocket as my shot on the black is an easy shoot and he thinks the game is over – did he commit a foul by his actions as I had possession of the table.

    • No, it’s not a foul unless he placed the balls on the table, which would be deemed a concession of the frame.
      Technically, your opponent is not supposed to concede the frame during your inning but I’d simply accept the concession and prepare for the next frame.

  154. If a player plays the ball with one handed without bridge or a rest is it a foul

  155. What if i claim to pot a colour ball in a pocket and it ends up in another pocket?

  156. Only black left and you make a foul but can still win, even after giving the seven points away.

    • Potting OR FOULING the final black ends a frame of snooker UNLESS the seven points from the pot or foul results in a tie score.
      If, after you foul black, the scores are NOT tied, the frame is over and the person with the most points wins.
      If the score is tied, the black is respotted. Flip a coin to determine who plays first from the D. Pot the black you win, foul the black you lose.

  157. Hi If we are on the blue abd I Snooker someone but accidentally hit the cue ball twice then on the second hit miss the blue but hit the black it is foul 5 or 7. Or is it two fouls, 1 for touching the white and 1 for hitting the black ball ie 12 points?

    • You can’t break it down into which happened first.
      The double hit makes it a foul stroke – you’re on the hook for whatever happens.
      If you’re shooting the blue and double-hit, it’s a five point foul.
      BUT if you double-hit and then the white hits the black, it’s a seven point foul.
      Fouls are always the highest value involved…but you don’t add them up, either. You didn’t foul the blue AND the black. You fouled, period. You hit the black.

  158. In the process of trying to sink a red I potted a coloured ball now the red was not snookered and the player chose not for me to retake the shot but then got sink a coloured ball(blue) he in the process of sinking that ball snookered himself and the game computer gave him another extra shot(pink) which he sunk to get a clear shot on the last red, and enabled him to continue play…please explain?

    • I have no idea what you’re talking about. Almost nothing you’ve said makes any sense. I don’t know anything about “game computers” and I can’t figure out any of the events or the order in which they might have happened, thus I cannot even attempt to explain.

    • You said:

      “In the process of trying to sink a red I potted a coloured ball”

      You’ve committed a foul. A 4 points penalty is awarded to your opponent.

      Then you said:

      “now the red was not snookered and the player chose not for me to retake the shot but then got sink a coloured ball (blue)”

      When your opponent came to the table the ball on was red. By potting a blue he has committed a foul. It’s a 5 points penalty to you and his turn ends.

      The above applies if the game was conducted under proper snooker rules.

      Finally you said; “he in the process of sinking that ball snookered himself and the game computer gave him another extra shot(pink) which he sunk to get a clear shot on the last red, and enabled him to continue play…please explain?

      That is all double Dutch to me.

  159. playing with mates last night,one lad was in a chinese snooker,as he bridged over a the blue ball to hit the white ball,he completely missed the white ball with his cue,we all broke ous hearts laughing,,,but is this a fowl or not,,,he didnt hit any other ball with his cue or anything else,,he just went again and hit the white ball the next time,,we all dont know the rule on this,,

  160. If a player pots the black and the cue ball goes in off does that player get 7 points for potting the black

    • No. That’s a foul. Seven points to the opponent and ball in hand.
      If it’s the final black, the frame is over (unless the foul results in a tie score…in which case, respot the black and flip a coin to determine who plays first from the D).

  161. If a player plays a shot & the cue ball comes to rest in the jaws of the pocket & then leaves the table & the other player has not come to the table yet.what is the out com? is it a foul or is there a time limit to which the ball has to be on the tabl?

    • It’s a tough call. If the striker is still at the table, it’s a foul.
      If the incoming player is at the table, it is not a foul and the ball is replaced on the lip of the pocket.
      When the former becomes the latter, exactly, is a matter of referee’s discretion (or, one hopes, reasonable sportsmanship).

  162. I have a question please. This assumes there is an appointed referee in a game.
    I assume a player who fouls by potting the cue ball, is allowed to take the cue ball out of the pocket? What if the player who didn’t commit the foul, takes the cue ball out f the pocket?
    This follows on from a video you pointed out of Graeme Dott V Mark Selby when Dott stopped the ball from entering the pocket when he fouled, but Selby got called a foul when he picked it up.

  163. Many a discussion if you can help please
    1) if I break off and miss cue not hitting any reds – a foul been committed
    2)- His this a free ball has I can’t hit both sides of a red – some one said if you imagine that you take all the reds away apart from the one your intending to hit then it’s not a free ball but my argument his – the reds are still on the table and preventing me from hitting either side.

  164. ok so I had a situation last night, potted a red ball to split into the pack… the red was potted and the pack split with the cue ball however the pack came to rest in such a position that the cue ball had no angle or gap to escape to get to a colour ball.

    So which colour would you nominate? and how do you go about taking the shot in question. As I’ve never had this scenario in a league match in 18 years where it was impossible to take a shot without fouling.

    many thanks

    ollie

    • If it’s IMPOSSIBLE to get out the snooker, you try your best, take the foul but it is not a miss and cannot be put back.
      Without being able to see the lay of the balls, I can’t advise you on which colour to nominate. Of course, if it’s truly impossible to hit ANY colour, then you should nominate one of the baulk colours (yellow, green or brown) in order to not give your opponent more points from the ensuing foul.

  165. Hi if I’m playing a red in to a pocket and I take the shot and a colour rolls of the spot without touching it is that a foul

  166. Hi what’s the rule on making someone play their shot again? Are there different rules of the player didn’t hit any balls at all? Or if player hit a different ball?

    Thanks

    • The miss rule applies when snooker ARE NOT required.
      If a player commits a foul AND, in the judgement of the referee did not make a good enough attempt to hit the ball on, the non-offending player may have the balls replaced and the offending player must try again.
      Some situations are an aut0matic miss: failure to hit an open ball; playing from a snooker but choosing a more difficult ball or path in order to leave the balls safe.
      Other situations are more subjective – could the player have come closer to the ball on…or SHOULD they have, given their ability.
      The idea behind the rule is to prevent players from simply taking a foul rather than giving their opponent a chance to score. Sometimes it’s a clear case, sometimes it’s not.
      You can watch some videos on the “foul miss rule” on YouTube.
      Hope that helps.

  167. From break off, does the player need to ensure that a ‘certain’ number of reds hit the cushion to be deemed a legal break off?

    • No. Although in the “Shootout” format they are experimenting with, I believe there is some requirement like that but I don’t know exactly what it is. In regular snooker, the answer is no.

      • In a game I was playing recently the blue was potted.normally you’d respot on its own spot.as all the other colours were on there spots & the cue ball came to rest just in front of the blue spot not allowing it to respot on its own spot.there was a red just in front of the cue ball.as you need to respot as near to its own spot as possible in a direct line near to its spot,would you replace the blue in front of the red or above the blue spot nearer the bulk end but inline with the brown.

        Sent from Yahoo Mail on Android

  168. hi. If my opponent needs 2 or more snookers to win the frame and puts me in a snooker position, i make a first foul. Can he make me retake the shot or does he need a different snooker?

  169. IN Snooker when breaking can you hit the back cushion first before breaking the reds.Or come off 2 cushions before breaking the reds.TY

    • Yes. ALL you need to do is hit a red. How you do it is up to you.

      • Thank you for your answer,why i asked the question is someone told me that the rules in snooker when breaking had changed.When breaking you must hit a red ball first with cue ball without hitting any other ball or using any cushions.Because a guy supposed to had perfected a break that every time he broke off the cushion he potted a red in the middle pocket.

        • They were wrong and telling a bullshit story about some way to always pot a red on the break shot.
          The only way anyone pots a red on the break is to slam the pack wide open and hope to fluke one.
          In a racked set of red balls there is no plant – zero. It doesn’t matter where or how you hit them, nothing is guaranteed.

  170. Hi, this happened Tuesday in a league game, player 1 goes in off, player 2 in placing the cue ball in the D touches the brown with his hand (doesn’t place the cue ball) & in his frustration he rolls the cue ball on to the cushion & then stops it with his hand, player 1 then picks up the cue ball & places it in the D & continues to play. I thought the only time the cue ball gets placed in the D is from an in off. What should the referee have done?

    • You said:

      “player 1 goes in off, player 2 in placing the cue ball in the D touches the brown with his hand”

      Referee: Will call a foul and awards a 4 point penalty to Player 1

      You continued:

      “(doesn’t place the cue ball) & in his frustration he rolls the cue ball on to the cushion & then stops it with his hand”

      Referee:

      After having called a foul already Referee will indicate that the cue ball is in hand to Player 1 by placing it under the bottom cushion because Player 2 hadn’t [placed the cue ball on the table before committing the foul.

      Referee may warn Player 2 of ungentlemanly conduct for his actions subsequent to committing the foul.

      You further said:

      “player 1 then picks up the cue ball & places it in the D & continues to play.”

      Referee:

      Correct continuation of play after the foul was called.

      You further added:

      “I thought the only time the cue ball gets placed in the D is from an in off.”

      Referee:

      It is not so!!!!

      Snooker Rules Section 2

      Rule 9. In-hand

      (a) The cue-ball is in-hand:
      (i) before the start of each frame;
      (ii) when it has entered a pocket;
      (iii) when it has been forced off the table; or
      (iv) when the black is spotted in the event of tied scores.

      (b) The cue-ball remains in-hand until:
      (i) it is played fairly from in-hand; or
      (ii) a foul is committed whilst the ball is on the table.

      (c) The striker is said to be in-hand when the cue-ball is in-hand as above.

      Finally you asked:

      “What should the referee have done?”

      Referee should have simply called a foul, awarded 4 points penalty to player 1; and, indicated that the cue ball is in hand.”

    • Hi,I think because the cue ball that player 2 rolled along the cushion didn’t hit anything and there was no shot played no harm done,so player 1 gets the cue ball and has his shot from the D.

    • Mr. Munday, below, is wrong.
      White goes in off, incoming player has ball in hand.
      On his stroke he commits a foul – touching the brown. At the conclusion of his shot, the white ball is on the table.
      Player A, who went in off to begin with, has no right to pick up the white ball and move it. This is ANOTHER foul.

      • Thank you, I’m glad that was your answer as that is what I said at the time. Had he not placed the ball on the table then player 1 was entitled to play from the D. Thanks again

  171. During the Grand Prix tournament, out of the two tables does one get used for the final or is it one of the two getting played on just no. 😬 Curious

  172. Hi, this is not a snooker rule question but anyone can tell me the best place to buy a decent cue from? (eBay is too generic and not the best for new cues) thanks!

    • Go to your local snooker room. Pull twenty sticks off the wall and spend a few hours hitting with them.
      When you find one that suits you – length, stiffness, feel, weight, hit – offer to buy it from the room owner.
      Otherwise you will never have access to enough sticks. It’s like buying a suit when there’s only three of them…ordering online is like marrying a girl you’ve never even met.
      John Parris, the world’s finest maker of snooker cues, has a cue-maker feature on their website. You can choose the specific features you want…but they ain’t exactly cheap – about £500.

  173. Oh, this is a gameplay question, on the table there are colours left only. I am snookered behind the brown and need to hit the green. i miss the green and the cue ball ends up behind the blue which is again snookering my opponent on the green. can my opponent tell me to hit from that spot or does he HAVE to call freeball and nominate any other colour as green? i say that because my opponent made me take it from that spot again…thanks

    • You failed to hit the green – foul.
      Following a foul, your opponent may make you play again from where the balls lie.
      IF it is also a miss, he may have the balls replaced and make you play again.
      IF it is a free ball (snookered behind the blue) it is his OPTION to nominate a free ball, but he is absolutely free to decline the option and make you play again from where the balls lie (snooker behind the blue) – his choice.

  174. can any part of the shoe be touching the floor whilst playing a shot or does it have to be part of the soul of the shoe when a player is leaning over to take a shot

  175. Hello. There are just the blue, pink & black left & Player A fouls. The referee calls foul & a free ball. Player B can see enough of the blue to pot it, after nominating the blue. Player B scores 5. Does the blue come back up & is the next ball to be potted?

    • No. He MAY nominate a free ball in place of the blue but he is entitled to simply play the blue. If he does play the blue ball, he foregoes the free ball.
      Pink is the next ball on.

  176. So this happened yesterday,
    I was taking my shot to a red (which was the ball on), and I miscued and the cue ball jumped over the red I was taking on and hit another red. I didn’t make the cue ball jump intentionally and the cue ball jumped due to miscuing.
    So is this a foul?

    • Nor a foul.

    • 20. Jump Shot
      A jump shot is made when the cue-ball passes over any part of an object ball, whether touching it in the process or not, except:
      (a) when the cue-ball first strikes one object ball and then jumps over another ball;
      (b) when the cue-ball jumps and strikes an object ball, but does not land on the far side of that ball;
      (c) when, after striking an object ball lawfully, the cue-ball jumps over that ball after hitting a cushion or another ball.

      The relevant rule here is subsection (b).
      In the situation described, the cue ball jumped over a ball on (red) because of a miscue, struck “an object ball” (another red) and presumably did not land on the other side of THAT ball.

      Here’s a video of Big Bill Werbeniuk doing EXACTLY that.
      It is not a foul.

      You seem to have a habit of trolling through these comments and making rather unread and presumptuous pronouncements about the rules of the game. The last time was with regard to placing a cube of chalk on the rail of the table where one wished to aim – you were wrong about that, too.
      Perhaps it’s time you found another pastime.

  177. what does after 50 points in snooker does he play next shot or he win?

    • I don’t understand the question.
      A game of snooker is over when (a) the final black is potted or fouled – most points wins, or (b) a player concedes.
      If you have 50 points, and there are more than 50 points remaining on the table, the game is not over.
      If you have 50 points and there are less than 50 points remaining on the table, I can snooker you, cause you to foul, and still win.
      I don’t understand what you’re asking.

  178. Why if the cue ball is touching the black ( touching ball ) I have to still nominate a colour? The ref has called touching ball, black – what is point? It can only be the black??

    • Not so. You MAY nominate the black and play away from it – you are deemed to have contacted the black (touching ball).
      You are also free to nominate another colour and pot it, so long as the black does not move.
      If you nominate another colour, you are NOT “deemed” to have first contacted the black.

    • The cue ball may be touching the black but there may be say pink over a pocket which can be struck easily without disturbing the black so it would be an advantage to nominate the pink!!!!!

  179. Hi if you pot the white and a miss is called can your opponent make you replay the same shot or does the cue ball potted require the next shot to be from the D?

    • A miss can be replaced.
      Or, the incoming player may direct that you play again without the balls being replaced, in which case it is ball-in-hand from within the D.

  180. If I pot the cue ball and it is a foul and miss, can my opponent make me replay the entire shot or must the white be placed in the D and he can either play the shot or pass to me.?

    • If it is a foul-miss, your opponent can have the balls replaced and make you take the shot again.
      If it is a foul, he can make you play again from where the balls lie.
      The only time the white ball is played from the D is on the break shot or after the white ball has been pocketed.

    • Section 2 Rule 14:

      The cue ball is played from the D if it has been Forced off the table.
      A ball is forced off the table if it comes to rest other than on the bed of the table or in a pocket, or if it is picked up by the striker, or intentionally moved by hand whilst it is in play except as provided for in Section 3 Rule 14(g).

  181. Does a players hand have to touch the table when playing a shot

  182. Can a player ask the referee to remove the rest after playing a shot. I’m thinking here of the rest very close to one or more balls?

    • The player can ask but the referee should say, “No.”

      It is the player’s responsibility to place the rest on the table and to remove it from the table.
      A ref MAY pick up a rest as a courtesy IF it is not in awkward position. You will often see this happen. BUT if the rest is near some balls and there is a risk of fouling by touching a ball with the rest, the referee will insist that the player remove the rest.
      See Alan McManus in the recent WSC…hang on, I’ll hunt up the vid:

  183. What happens when you both on the same points after the black is re spotted??

    • If, when the final black is potted or fouled, the scores are tied, the black is re-spotted. Flip a coin to determine who plays first from the D. Pot the black, you win…foul the black you lose.

  184. pls if the cue is on the Cushing after a shot from my follow opponent what happens?

    • Cushion. Not cushing.

      Do you mean if the cue BALL is touching the cushion? If that is what you mean, you play the white ball from where it is sitting.
      It often happens. It’s part of the game.

  185. What is the rule if the player hit the reds balls very hard to open them from starting the game

    • The player who breaks, so long as he strikes a red before any other ball (and doesn’t drive any of them off the table) can shatter the pack all over the table if he wants to.
      The reason they usually don’t is because it will pretty much always leave your opponent an easy red to pot.

  186. If a player having been given a free ball after the opponents foul, plays it and it finishes up between the white and the object ball, and even though there are other balls between the white and the nominated free ball, is that a foul

    • The free ball may not be THE EFFECTIVE snookering ball.

      If it rolls up to the white, causing the snooker, that’s a foul (as if the player had nominated the free ball and then rolled up snug behind it).

      If some other ball is causing the snooker BUT (if that other ball were removed) and the free ball would still be causing a snooker, that is NOT a foul – the free ball is, then, not THE EFFECTIVE snookering ball.

      Hope that’s clear enough.

      • Thanks

        • Another question on the value of a break. If a break ends in a foul, does the value of that break diminish by the valuend of that foul?
          I.e break of 134 followed by a foul off the pink, us the break 128 or does it remain 134?

        • The total break stands.
          Foul points are always awarded to the opponent, not deducted from the striker’s tally.

  187. what is the penalty if I miss the object ball (red) and the white goes on to hit the yellow and then the blue. No balls potted

    • The foul is four points (fouled the yellow). If they had struck the blue first, then the foul would be five points.

      Note: If they strike the yellow first…but knock the blue into a pocket!…then the foul would be five points.

  188. Is a player required to declare the touching ball he is playing away from?

    • No. The referee should indicate touching ball (or the striker should, in the absence of a referee).
      Once the touching ball has been identified, the striker is obligated to play away from it.

      IF they are attempting to pot some OTHER ball on, they must nominate THAT ball.

  189. Is it a foul if the white ball or cue ball hits a red ball or a coloured ball and both do not touch the cushion

  190. I wonder if you can help please.

    Suppose I am snookered on a red ball. I miss the red ball and the cue ball first hits the yellow and then hits the black.

    Is the penalty 4 points for hitting the yellow or 7 for hitting the black?

    Many thanks

    Al

  191. If i am on a red but i miss and hit the black( not sinking it mind you) is that a 7 point foul

  192. If the black is on the table and the other player is one up, and you miss the black is that game over

    • Yes…you lose. Foul on the final black ends the frame UNLESS it results in a tie score.
      In the scenario you describe, you foul the black; your opponent is awarded seven points for the foul and wins by six points.

  193. I was trailing in the game
    I potted the yellow green brown blue and pink which put me three points ahead. BUT on trying the black I went in off it. The black.went safe. My opponent claimed the game. On giving him the seven points for the foul black he was 4 points ahead. He claimed the game
    Surely that turned the game to a black ball fight. The game should have continued and who ever potted the black should have won. Am I correct.

    • No, you are wrong.
      A frame of snooker ends under three conditions:
      1. The final black is potted
      2. The final black is fouled
      3. One player concedes the frame.

      In the situation you describe, you fouled the final black. Your opponent is awarded the value of the foul (seven points) – whoever has more points wins.
      The only way the frame continues is if that foul (and the seven points) resulted in a tie score, in which case the black is respotted and you flip a coin (or lag) to determine who plays first from the D.
      THEN, pot or foul ends the game.

  194. j peery v a carter poor ref . as carter could have play is shot more than way but he play with rest surport and missed buy a yard not his direxction was off at least 1 ft . no miss called poor ref / I felt sorry for j perry is good snooker got him nothing the ref should have called a miss . sure . whet a good sporting mab j perry was . William chadwick salinda99@hotmail.co.uk

  195. What happen when we pot the red ball and the cue ball goes into the other red balls middle and the cue ball there is no place to come out and strike the colour ball in that case what happen the game will over or there is some idea

    • If it is truly IMPOSSIBLE to play at a color – no way to get to a rail, to play two or three cushions at ANY color – then the player must still “attempt” to hit a color.
      When he does not hit the nominated color, a foul is called – BUT NOT A MISS.
      Play then proceeds as normal.

  196. If a colour falls into a pocket through no players fault where is the colour replaced is it respotted or put back in position where it fell in pocket

    • If a ball has come to rest on the lip of the pocket (doesn’t pause and then drop in), and the striker has left the table…THEN the ball falls into the pocket, it will be replaced on the lip of the pocket.

      Does this answer your question?

  197. Can you please tell me what happens if the cloth gets ripped during a frame of snooker

    • At the professional level, they take a break while the table is stripped and recovered.
      Down at the club, they put a piece of tape over the tear and play continues.
      There is no particular rule of which I am aware.

  198. If the cue ball is touching a red and black and you cannot play away without moving both balls what is the outcome when one or both move is it a four or something else cheers

    • I cannot envision a situation where you MUST move BOTH touching balls. I can imagine a situation where one or the other must move.
      In any event, in a situation where a legal contact is deemed impossible, it would be a four point foul and play continues as usual after the foul stroke. It cannot be called a miss.

  199. When a colour ball can not go back on its own spot where must the referee place the ball?

    • On the highest value open spot or, if all spots are occupied, as close to the ball’s home spot as possible, on the vertical line between the home spot and the top cushion (black cushion), without touching any other ball.

      If you look on YouTube for “spotting the pink ball,” you’ll find plenty of examples of the pink ball being spotted at the back of the pack…or other, more difficult locations amongst the pack of reds, in order to meet these conditions.

      You will also see, quite commonly, the black spot obstructed by a red ball, and so the black ball winds up spotted on one of the baulk colour spots.

  200. if you can see a red but play one you can’t see eg off cushion and go in off is it a foul and miss abecause if you can see a ball and don’t play it you can call a miss

    • It may only be called a miss if you fail to contact the ball on. In your question, you say “go IN OFF.”
      If you strike the ball on (or, in the case of a red, ANY ball on) and then go in off that red, it cannot be a miss – you hit a legal ball.

      If you went off a cushion and failed to strike a ball on, that MAY be a miss.
      If there were an open red that you chose not to play, choosing some other more difficult shot, AND you failed to strike the intended ball (or, in the case of a red, any legal ball), that MUST ALWAYS be a miss.

  201. Touching ball.

    I was in a game where the cue ball was touching a yellow but the legal ball was a red I hit the red without moving the yellow but my opponent claim I played the shot at a angle and claimed this was a foul as you have to play directly away . I understood the rule as if I played the shot without moving the touching ball this was legal of course hitting a legal ball

    • Your opponent is wrong. You must play away from the touching ball (ANY touching ball). If the touching ball moves, it is a foul.
      But there is no requirement that you play “directly” away…and, for that matter, how the fuck would anyone KNOW if you were “directly” playing away or not?
      Tell your opponent to get bent and stop being a blithering twat-head.

      Note: If the touching ball is a “ball on” (for example, the cue ball is touching a red, and you must play a red) you need not contact any other red – the touching ball is deemed to have been played when you play away from it.

  202. I was refereeing a local league match and awarded a free ball as The player who was on a red after a foul by his opponent was snookered by the pink. He proceeded to play the black ball as a free ball without actually naming it as he thought it was an obvious free ball. I called a foul 7 points as he had not actually named the black as a free ball therefore he was effectively playing the red. It didn’t go down well so please don’t tell me I was wrong. He did win the frame anyway.

    • If he has been awarded a free ball, he must nominate the colour he intends to play in place of the red.
      It is not the same situation as potting a red, being on a colour, and “obviously” playing at the black.
      In the case of a free ball, he is presumed to be playing at a red unless and until he so nominates the specific colour he intends to play as a free ball.
      You were correct.

  203. The striker is left with a difficult snooker with only the blue pink and black left on the table, he is 22 points behind . In his frustration he strikes the cue ball directly and intentionally into the pink . What action could the referee take

    • Call the foul. Award six points to his opponent. Warn the player about unsportsmanlike conduct and advise him that any further such conduct will result in loss of frame or, if the conduct is egregious, forfeit of the match.
      The incoming player now leads by 28 points and play continues.

  204. Hi,
    I’ve recently got back into snooker after a break of some 20+ years, whilst playing at the loal club (just for fun, winner stays on) recently the young guy I was playing potted a red and then played up the table to where the pink & black were sitting beside each other. He made contact with the pink which subsequently made contact with the cushion and went across the table ending up dropping in the top left pocket. When re-spotting the pink he said “that’s 7”, I said no that’s 1 for the red and 6 to me you didn’t nominate a colour, his reply was to “brush up on the new rules grandad, you don’t nominate a colour now”. Having been away from the game so long I just wondered who is correct please?

    • When it is not clear which colour is being played, the striker MUST indicate which ball is on. Your opponent is wrong, and should be slapped HARD for calling anyone “Grandad.”

      The rules state: “When reds remain on the table and a color is his object, the striker must (a) designate prior to stroking which color ball is his object (that specific color is then his “ball on”), and (b) cause the cue ball’s first contact with a ball to be with that colored ball. If the striker fails to meet these requirements, it is a foul.

  205. If your oppenent smashes cue… is that frame conceded

    • It would certainly be a warning about unsportsmanlike conduct. I don’t think there’s a specific rule about it…but neither can I imagine how the player could continue without a cue.
      If the match were being played in a snooker room, he could pull a stick off the wall and play on…but in a professional tournament setting, he’s finished.

      Unsportsmanlike conduct generally results in a warning, unless it’s egregious, in which case it’s loss of frame OR forfeit of match. This is a matter of referee’s discretion.

      It seems to me that smashing a cue to pieces would be loss of frame at a minimum if it appeared to be intentional.
      Conversely, I’ve seen Ronnie O’Sullivan (among others) smack their cue on the rail in frustration. If the cue had snapped, I would not have deemed that intentional.
      But, had his cue snapped, he can’t continue the match and so would forfeit due to that inability to continue.

      Still, to answer your question generally, it’s a matter of ref’s discretion re: unsportsmanlike conduct / warning / forfeit.

  206. just been watching Judd Trump in China. He was on the colours at the end of the game when he went in-off on potting the brown. The referee re-spotted the brown, is that right?

    • Yes, that is correct. If a colour is potted on a foul stroke, it is respotted.

    • …unless it’s the final black.
      Foul on the final black ends the frame UNLESS that foul results in a tie score, in which case the black is respotted and a coin is flipped to determine who plays first from the D. Then, pot or foul ends the frame.

  207. How is a tied game completed. I know the Black ball is re-spotted, a coin is tossed, the person who calls heads or tails correctly determines who will break. My question is if there is a scratch or a foul before the Black ball is potted is the game over? Thank you very much!

  208. In a recent game the cue ball ended up touching a red and the black what is the outcome

    • Touching ball – you must play away from both balls. If either of them move, it is a foul.
      If the ball on is a red, the touching red is deemed to have been played and you need not contact any other red.
      If the ball on is a colour, you MAY nominate the black and it is deemed to have been played – you need not contact any other colour.
      If the ball on is red, you are free to pot another red; if the ball on is a colour, you are free to nominate another colour and play that.
      In any event, neither of the touching balls may move on the contact stroke.

      Is that clear? If you are still unsure, let me know.

  209. One of the guys in our comp put a chalk mark on the table to help him get out of a snooker. Is this cheating?

    • It’s a foul. You may not use any device or implement to measure or mark the balls or the table in order to play a shot or determine if a shot is possible.
      It would be permissible to set a cube of chalk on the rail of the table and then to aim at that spot, but placing anything on the playing surface or marking the cloth in any way is a foul.

      • Um, I’m pretty sure that’s cheating too…

        • Snooker, technically speaking, doesn’t have “cheating.”
          It has fouls.
          If you move a ball with your hand, that’s a foul. No one says, “You’re cheating.”
          Same thing if you mark the table or use some device to measure a distance or gap.
          If you break the rules in snooker, the referee states, “Foul,” awards your opponent the penalty points for the infraction and your turn at the table is over.
          For unsportsmanlike conduct, which such actions certainly are if the infraction is repeated, the referee may award the frame and/or the match.
          But, like “No crying in baseball,” there’s no “cheating” in snooker.

          I suppose it’s fine to say, in common vernacular, that marking the table is cheating – it certainly contravenes the rules of the game and seeks to gain an advantage by so doing, but nothing is to be gained by accusing someone of “cheating.”
          They have simply broken a rule of the game…which, in the rules of the game, has a specific name: foul.

        • Jayne you’re absolutely correct.

          cousinavi said:

          It would be permissible to set a cube of chalk on the rail of the table and then to aim at that spot, but placing anything on the playing surface or marking the cloth in any way is a foul.

          The rule does not differentiate between objects placed on the bed of the table or on the rails. Every such transgression is judged alike.

          This issue is covered in Section 3 Rule 10 Penalties d(ii):

          In this instance the player is deliberately placing the cube of chalk on the rail, in an area calculated to determine the striking angle. This is illegal. The player would incur 7 points penalty for using any object for measuring gaps or distances.

        • To GEORGE – re: placing a cube of chalk on the rail of the table.

          You said “The rules do not differentiate…”
          You’re wrong. The rules say nothing about the rails. In fact, the rails are already marked to assist in calculating the angles – there are “diamonds” embedded on the rails and books have been written about how to use them to calculate angles.
          Additionally, you will often see players laying their cue across the rail in order to visualize the angles. This is NEVER called a foul.

          The rule to which you refer states:

          “(d) seven points if the striker:

          (ii) uses any object to measure gaps or distance…”

          A player is perfectly entitled to set a cube of chalk on the rail of the table. Should they put it somewhere on the rail near where they intend to aim, that is not “marking” the table or measuring “gaps or distance”, or any other violation of the rules.

        • Cousinavi I beg to differ with your comments.

          A player cannot use anything to assist in his aiming, cube of chalk, chalk mark on a cushion, wet finger mark on a cushion, etc etc.

          This comes under Section 3 Rule 10 (d) (ii) “uses any object to measure gaps or distance”

          Also, Section 5 Rule 1 (a) (i) (ii) (iii) Where the referee is there to see fair play.

          You really need to update your knowledge of the rules of Snooker and should clarify this issue with the governing body of the game.

          What you have suggested is contrary to the rules of Snooker.

          Giving incorrect advise to your readers does not serve them to adopt good practice to promote the game.

  210. If a player touches a ball not-on with his clothing during a shot should the balls not be replaced for the opponent if the clothes contact happens before the cueball is struck? Just sen gould do it and the ref technically called “foul” on his ‘backstroke’ but still followed through with the shot.

    • Balls are never replaced except if it moves without any agency. For example, if a ball comes to rest on the lip of a pocket, and then, while the incoming player is preparing to play a shot, the ball simply falls into the pocket, the referee will replace the ball on the lip of the pocket.
      In the case you describe – a player touches a ball not on with his clothes – it is a foul, but the moved ball remains where it is.
      Neither are the balls replaced after the striker follows through on the contact stroke after the referee calls foul for the clothing contact.

  211. If there are two players playing snooker and one is on 39 and the other on 46 and only the black ball on the table if the player on 46 hits the black and pits the white does the black ball go on its spot for a reported black or does the game resume from where the black lands

    • Potting OR fouling the final black ends the game UNLESS the pot (or foul) results in a tie-score.
      If the score is tied, the black is respotted and a coin is flipped to determine who plays from the D.
      Usually, the winner of the coin toss will put his opponent in to play first. Once the black is respotted, first pot wins / first foul loses.

  212. Thin cut on yellow but misses white goes around the table and snookers player on the yellow with the bottom pocket jaw is this a free ball

    • Unless snookers are required, it sounds like it.
      It’s a foul. Failure to hit an open ball is pretty much always a miss. If the incoming player cannot strike both sides of a ball on following a foul, then it is a free ball.

      • Is it a free ball? The answer is simply it is not.

        Sect1on 2 Rule 17 (e) states that:-

        “The cue-ball cannot be snookered by a cushion. If the curved face of a cushion obstructs the cue-ball and is closer to the cue-ball than any obstructing ball not on, the cue-ball is not snookered.”

        The cue-ball is obstructed from hitting a ball on by the bottom pocket jaw. The jaw of the pocket is classified as the curved face of a cushion; and, therefore the cue-ball is not snookered.

        If the cueball were obstructed by a ball not on from hitting a ball on then the cue-ball would be snookered.

    • This scenario is covered by Section 2 Rule 17 (e) which states that:

      “The cue-ball cannot be snookered by a cushion. If the curved face of a cushion obstructs the cue-ball and is closer to the cue-ball than any obstructing ball not on, the cue-ball is not snookered.”

      The player is obstructed from hitting a ball on by the bottom pocket jaw. The jaw is classified as a curved face of the cushion and therefore the cue ball is not snookered; and, therefore a free ball cannot be awarded.

  213. If only pink and black on table you nominate black as free ball am I correct in saying you may have 3 options

    1 snooker behind free ball
    2 play free ball onto pink and pot it no foul
    3 pot black and pink together 12 points no foul

    • There are other options. You might, for example, play safe, or play a snooker behind the knuckle of a pocket…
      But the three options you describe are all valid.
      In option 3, of course, the black must be respotted and then played as the black ball and not as the free ball pink.

      • But in option 3 (when the pink and the black nominated as pink are potted) you get just 6 points, not 12, I suppose.

    • Section 2 Rule 17 (e) states that:

      “The cue-ball cannot be snookered by a cushion. If the curved face of a cushion obstructs the cue-ball and is closer to the cue-ball than any obstructing ball not on, the cue-ball is not snookered.”

      The scenario you describe is covered by this rule. A ball is not snookered when the cushion obstructs the cue ball from hitting another ball.

      The bottom pocket jaw is classified as the curved face of the cushion. Therefore a free ball cannot be awarded.

      Free ball is awarded after a foul is committed and the cue ball is obstructed from hitting the ball(s) on by ball(s) not on.

  214. Could a person require one’s opponent to shoot again from where the white ball stopped?

    • Yes. It is only ever “put back” IF a “miss” is called AND the non-offending player wishes the balls replaced.
      In the case of a foul (NOT a miss) the incoming striker has the option of playing the ball, or putting the offending player back in from where the white ball is now.

  215. Got two questions –
    1) If, after a strike, the cue ball ends up on the lip of a pocket, also at the same time being snookered by a red or a colour ball in front of it (at the opening or alley), there possibly would be no way out of it without committing a foul. How will that situation be handled?

    2) As I am about to get down for my shot, I accidentally drop my cue on the bed. Is that a foul? Or, is it only a foul if my cue disturbs any of the ball while it drops?
    Thanks!
    And a great blog, by the way. Cheers!

    • If making legal contact with a ball on is TRULY impossible, it will be a foul when the striker tries and fails BUT NOT A MISS.

      Dropping your cue is no problem unless it touches a ball – in which case the appropriate value foul is awarded.

  216. What if a ball drops in a pot when the other player approaches the table without touching it?

    • Referee will re-spot the ball on the lip of the pocket.
      It’s a judgment call. If the ball pauses and then drops in, it’s a pot. But if it stops, and the striker has left the table…the incoming striker is at the table…and the ball then falls into the pocket, it is replaced.

  217. My dad made a foul&left me a free ball,do i have the option if i refuse the free ball to put him back him where the white ball was

    • Not unless the foul was also a miss.
      Not all fouls are also a miss.
      If he failed to hit an open ball on, or attempted to get out of a snooker by some more difficult path (in order to play safe, for example) then it would be a miss and you could have the balls replaced.
      But simply fouling and leaving a free ball is not necessarily a miss.

  218. If the cue ball leaves the bed of the table but land on top of the cushion on the cloth is it a foul ?

  219. After a player has played his nominated free
    Ball he partially snookers his aponant behind
    the nominated ball. Accepting that you can’t
    Snooker behind the free ball is a partial
    snooker a foul shot ????
    Many thanks
    Haydn Cann.

    • You MAY snooker behind the free ball when only pink and black remain.
      Otherwise, it is a foul to snooker your opponent (partially or otherwise) behind a free ball.

  220. Hi if I’m playing the pink ball in the middle bag and the cue ball jumps the pink as I put too much bottom on it the cue ball then hits the cushion then hits the pink the ball I was going for anyway is this a foul please advise

    • No.
      You may not “play” a jump shot.
      An accidental jump shot is not a foul if it jumps over a ball on, and then strikes a ball on AND does not also jump the second ball on / come to rest on the far side of the ball on which was struck.

  221. If the player was on colour and fouled, and then the opponent asked him to play again from the position it was after the foul, is the offender on colour now or on red?

    • Red. If it were a foul and a miss, and the balls were replaced, the striker would be on a colour.
      In the situation you describe, the incoming player (the one who did NOT foul) would be on a red. If they choose to put the offending player back in, they are playing from the same circumstance.

  222. Ty for your earlier reply but i dont think i explained myself clearly. If im trying to pot a red and lets say i pot or dont pot the red and subsequently hit the black ball and then and go in off. What would the penalty be please? In this case i hit the black just before the in off.

  223. Hello, my friend potted a red into the green pocket of the snooker at the same time he hit a blue ball at the same time does this count as a foul ?

    Thank
    You

  224. If the cue ball struck a red before it makes contact with the black, then the penalty for the white falling into a pocket is 4 points.

    • I am snookered behind the brown ball,i cant see the green(only colours left on the table) but i got a free ball dont fancy the free ball i put my dad back in is that correct?

  225. Yes, if your opponent has fouled, you always have the option of making them play again

  226. If I am snookered by my opponent and I attempt to hit the red ball but i hit the pink ball first and then happens that i fluke the red ball into the pocket and my opponent decides that I should attempt the strike it again. Does the potted red ball respot or not ?

    • If the foul is also a miss, and the non-offending player asks that the balls be replaced, THEN the red is replaced where it was (as are all other balls).
      If, on the other hand, the non-offending player opts to make the opponent play again as the balls now lie, the red is not replaced.

  227. My question as follows;

    If the cue ball is touching a red ball and a colour ball simultaneously, and it’s difficult to play away without moving either balls …. What is the rule here?!!

    • If you move a touching ball, it’s a foul.
      If, in the opinion of the referee, it were POSSIBLE to play away without moving the touching ball, it is also a miss and your opponent may have the balls replaced.
      If it were impossible (or close to it) to play away without moving a touching ball, it is still a foul but not a miss. Your opponent may then play from where the balls come to rest, or make you shoot again from where the balls have come to rest – they may not be replaced.

  228. If a yellow ball is potted but then the white goes in off does the yelllow ball get re-spotted

  229. Hi, if you put yourself in a snooker position e.g. after potting a colour and then cant see the red and subsequently foul the shot. Can your opponent ask you to retake?

    • Depends if the foul is just a foul or a foul AND A MISS.
      If it is just a foul, you can make the offending striker play again from where the balls come to rest but they cannot be replaced.
      If it’s a foul and a miss, the incoming player has the additional option to have the balls replaced and make the offending striker play again.

  230. Colours are the only balls left on the table. Player 1 misses the yellow and unintentionally succeeds in leaving the cue-ball resting in the angle of a pocket. (What on earth is it called now if it isn’t “angled”). Player 2 has absolutely no chance of playing out of that position without hitting a colour other than the yellow. O.K. he has scored four points for the penalty by Player 1 but is he penalised if he then gives points away by hitting one of the other colours? Or is it a straight out free ball? He is not snookered according to the rules – as I understand you can only be snookered by another ball and not by a cushion. I’m plumping for a free ball with no penalty. But what is your take on it thanks.

    • The white ball is angled.
      Following a foul stroke, the incoming player has the option of making the offending player play from where the ball has come to rest.
      IF the incoming player chooses to play, and does not contact a legal ball on, then it is a foul.
      You cannot have a free ball because of a cushion.

      Does this answer your question?

  231. Can you ask the ref to remove the rest after use

    • You can ask…but it is the player’s responsibility to place and remove the rest.
      Refs may set the rest on the table in some safe spot…not near any balls.
      Refs may remove the rest if it is not near any balls. But if the rest is in a tricky spot – close to balls which may be fouled by the rest when it is lifted from the bed, the ref will wait until the player has removed it.

  232. Has any consideration been given to a rule change that would allow the player to respot the cue ball after a miss. he generally has the best idea of where it should be.

    • The player might also seek to place the ball in a slightly more advantageous position.
      That’s why the referee does it, and then asks BOTH players if they’re happy with the position.
      So, no.

  233. I meant for everything to remain the same but not be a foul if a player touched the ball

  234. Hi if I try to pot a pink then jump the pink then the ball hits the Cush then hits the pink is this s foul

  235. If the opposition’s misses his first attempt on black ball .. is it regarded a foul??

  236. First player hits the red and it stops in the jaws of the pocket and on the very edge of the drop into pocket. Second player comes to table, puts rest on table and is about to strike the white when the red finally falls in the pocket.
    What is the rule here.

    • If the striker is still at the table (the person who played the shot) when the red drops, it’s a legal pot.
      If they have left the table and the incoming striker is at the table, the referee shall replace the red on the lip of the pocket.

  237. If I’m snookered . And I miss my object ball . How many times can it be respotted . How many times can he make me take it again . Thank

    • It cannot always be replaced – only if the foul is also “a miss.”
      Presuming it is “a miss” it can be replaced until snookers are required. If snookers are required, it cannot be replaced.

  238. i am snookerd behind the pink
    Black blue and pink ball remaining
    I play for blue and miss all the colours on table
    How many points awarded to opponent

  239. What Is the ruling if the Ref forgets to re spot the black after it has been potted and the player at the table doesn’t notice it’s not been re spotted and plays for his next red, then it is pointed out by the other player? This happened last night. Some of us thought that a player should not be penalised for a referees mistake, others thought it was the players responsibility to make sure the black was back on the table before taking his next shot.

    • It is the player’s responsibility to ensure the balls are properly spotted before playing his stroke.

      Here’s the rule:

      7. Spotting Colours
      Any colour pocketed or forced off the table shall be spotted before the next
      stroke is made, until finally potted under Section 3 Rule 3 (g) (iii).
      (a) A player shall not be held responsible for any mistake by the referee in
      failing to spot correctly any ball.
      (b) If a colour is spotted in error after being potted in ascending order as per
      Section 3 Rule 3 (g) (iii), it shall be removed from the table without
      penalty when the error is discovered and play shall continue from the
      resulting position.
      (c) If a stroke is made with a ball or balls not correctly spotted, they will be
      considered to be correctly spotted for subsequent strokes. Any colour
      incorrectly missing from the table will be spotted:
      (i) without penalty when discovered if missing due to previous
      oversight;
      (ii) subject to penalty if the striker played before the referee was able to
      effect the spotting.
      (d) If a colour has to be spotted and its own spot is occupied, it shall be
      placed on the highest value spot available.
      (e) If there is more than one colour to be spotted and their own spots are
      occupied, the highest value ball shall take precedence in order of
      spotting.

      • I am still confused, You say “It is the players responsibility to make sure the balls are properly spotted before playing his stroke” then you show the rules which says (a) A player shall not be held responsible for any mistake by the referee in failing to spot correctly any ball. sorry if I’m being thick.

        • If the striker plays a shot before the referee has respotted a potted colour, it is a foul.
          If a ball is improperly spotted (on the wrong spot, or off of it’s spot) when the stroke is played, the player cannot then ask that the ball be properly spotted – it must remain where it sits. However, IF the striker notices the improperly spotted ball BEFORE playing the next stroke, they may ask that the ball be properly spotted.

          This is why I say it is the player’s responsibility.

  240. I just have a simple question. Is it compulasary to hold rest while playing a shot or can you place it on the table and play a shot without touching it?? Cannot find the rule anywhere

    • You can do whatever you want with it so long as it doesn’t touch a ball. Lay it on the table, hold it in your hand…grip it between your teeth if you like.

  241. Hi
    I have a quick question which caused all sorts of arguments last night.

    Cue ball hits red ball, but then hits black ball and goes in off. Guys I was playing with were adamant it was not an 4 point foul but an 7 point foul as it hit the black last. I accepted.

    Later another player was going for the yellow ball. Hit it but then hit the pink and again went in off. If the above is correct surely the foul would be 6 points, but he argued it was only 4. Which is correct if any?
    Thanks

    • Your friends are wrong. It was a four point foul. Had you struck the black first or knocked it in (thereby fouling the black), it would have been seven points.
      Imagine the converse: black is the ball on – after striking the black, the cue ball then strikes the yellow and goes in off.
      This would not be a four-point foul because it hit the yellow last.
      Value of the ball on, or the ball fouled, whichever is higher. In the case you describe, the black was NOT fouled.

      • Thank you for your reply.
        Just to confirm if you go in off the red, yellow, green, brown it is 4 points. If you go in off the blue it is 5 points, pink 6, and black 7 ?

        • It does not matter which ball you go “in off.”
          It matters which ball you are on, and which ball you foul.
          If you are on the yellow, and you hit the yellow first, if the cue ball winds up in a pocket it is a four-point foul. It doesn’t matter if you hit the black before going into the pocket.
          If you are on the blue, it is a five-point foul…UNLESS you fail to hit the blue and strike a ball of greater value. For example, if you are on the blue but you hit the black first, that is a seven-point foul.
          Clear?

  242. Is that foul if colour ball flew off on the table frame and returns back to the table?

    • If the ball comes to rest on the playing surface, it is not a foul.
      If the ball comes to rest in a pocket (and is the ball on) it is a legal pot.
      There have been shots where the ball on “rattles” in the jaws, leaps up onto the rail, follows the seam in the rail and then drops into the side pocket. It counts – no foul.

  243. If cue ball potted and cue ball in hand is it a foul if u put it on a baulk colored spot and play a shot is it classed as in the d

  244. If I’ve potted a red and am aiming for a coupe that has no other colour around it have you still got to nominate your shot

    • Technically yes, you should nominate the colour. However, when it is patently obvious which colour you are playing, it would be extremely rare for a referee to ask, or to call a foul if you had failed to do so.
      If you watch just about any professional match, when they are working around the black spot on a break, you never hear them say “black ball” because it’s perfectly obvious which colour they are shooting.
      It is only when the shot is not obvious, or there is more than one colour they might hit…for example, when snookered behind the pack of reds and playing off the side cushion at a baulk colour, they will always nominate which colour they intend to strike.
      Clear enough?

  245. in snooker if the opponent has a draw for the last ball, and if he makes a foul then what is the decision for the frame?

    • The frame is over when the final black is either potted or fouled. The player with the most points wins.
      If the score is tied and the black is respotted, potting it wins the frame – fouling it loses the frame.

      • Okay thank you. So if my opponent has a black ball draw and I make a foul when I’m leading by 7 points, you mean to say I loose the frame?

  246. When and how can you pot three blacks consecutively and legally

    • I can’t think of any circumstances where that can happen.
      I’ve considered free balls, in which the black serves as a red, followed by black…but that doesn’t get to the third black.
      I’ve considered free ball where the black sits in for the pink…but that doesn’t get to the second black, even if you were to play the free ball black (as the pink), the next ball on would be pink…
      If this is a trick question, you’ve stumped me.
      If it’s not a trick question, my answer is: I don’t think it’s possible.

  247. I need clarification! If you pot a red then call the black ball as the on ball but pot the cue how many penalty point are awarded is this 4 or 7?

  248. So what would be the decision I want to know. Who wins the frame? The person who had a draw or the person who was leading by 7 and made a foul?

    • If you are leading by 7 points and make a foul then the scores are tied, the black is re-spotted & a coin is tossed to decide who breaks

  249. Is this an international rule what you just suggested?

  250. 1. Can a referee prompt a player for a colour choice?
    2. You say it’s okay to hit in any direction from the D after a jump ball. What about after a foul sinking of the cue ball. We get lots of arguments in our village of whether you can shoot backwards or have to shoot forwards.

  251. Pink and black was left I needed the pink to win I potted it but snookered myself on the black because the white was over the pocket. Am I obliged to take the shot or have I won

    • Depends.
      If by potting the pink your lead was greater than seven points, then it doesn’t matter.
      A frame of snooker ends when the final black is either potted or fouled.
      If you foul the final black (fail to hit it from the angled position), and the penalty leaves you, still, with more points, then you win.
      If, on the other hand, you foul the final black, and the penalty points give your opponent more points than you, then you lose.
      In the event that fouling the final black results in a tie, the black is respotted and you flip a coin to determine who plays first from the D (pot wins, foul loses).

      If, for example, after potting the pink you lead by right (or more) points, then you win the frame.
      Even if you walk away from the table and don’t make the attempt on the black.

      Clear?

  252. Yes my lead was greater than 7 after I potted the pink but if I fouled on the black I would give 7 points away and then if he potted the black he would win.

  253. Yes clear. Thanks for your help.

  254. If pink and black are the only ball on the table and I play pink then my cue going in off and pink ball hide behind the black in a way that my opponent got free ball from D .Will it be a foul shot by him as hi nominated black as free ball and snookered behind the same black ball.As there are no other ball for snookering behind other than black.?

  255. can you use different colours as a plant?

    • I can think of only two situations where that would be legal:
      1. If you were playing a red into a colour and then into another red, to pocket the second red. You strike red (ball on) and make a red (ball on) – legal shot.
      2. You have a free ball and nominate a colour (say blue). You then play that blue into the legal ball on (either red or another colour) and pocket the legal ball on.

  256. Can a player play on if he needs a snooker and there is only the black on the table. I’m thinking if there is a situation where a snooker in the jaws of the pocket is a possibility.

    Has this ever happened in any game – a snooker in the jaws of the pocket on the black ball perhaps to get a win when only a draw looked possible.

    Thanks,

    James

    • No. Fouling the black ends the frame.

      If you “angled” the black, and your opponent fails to hit it, you get seven points and the frame is over.

  257. What is the rule when the referee puts the colour on the wrong spot mid-break??

    • If the player notices, they can ask the referee to correctly spot the ball. If the player does not notice and continues to play, then the ball remains where it has been – on the wrong spot – it cannot be moved after a stroke has been played.

  258. In frame 22 of Marco Fu’s match with Neil Richardson, I saw a foul awarded by the referee for correctly noticing Fu’s waistcoat touching a ball. Robertson then took his shot, but I noticed the chalk was left on the Baulk Cushion. Should a foul have been called. I was taught that Chalk could not be left on the table. Cheers

    • There is no rule against setting your chalk on the rail while playing a shot. In most snooker rooms, the chalk is commonly simply left sitting on the rails as a convenience because the average club player is not wearing a waistcoat with a convenient pocket for the chalk.

  259. Well mark selby missed4times when snooked and carried on playing thought if you missed3 times you forfeit the frame

  260. Are you aloud to leave your cue on the table while you look at the balls in live play

  261. Hello, if you can’t quite reach a shot and rather than using a rest could you not just change your shoes to a more, for example over exaggerated clown shoe so that you are able to make contact with the floor. Thanks Paul.

    • No. You can’t stand on a box…unless you use it for EVERY shot (you’re a midget). No finger extenders.
      No step ladders. No clown shoes. No implements other than those approved.

  262. Hi, when you pop a red and the white lands on a colour and it’s touching, can you still nominate another? Or does mean you need to play away from the ball that it’s touching?

    • You must always play away from a touching ball. If, on the stroke, the touching ball moves it is a foul (push shot).

      If you are touching a colour and a colour is the ball on, you have two choices:
      1. Nominate the touching colour and play away from it – you are deemed to have made legal contact with that colour when you play away from it.
      2. Nominate any other colour, still playing away from the touching ball…in which case you are NOT deemed to have contacted the touching colour. You must, of course, then hit the nominated colour.

      If you are touching a red and red is the ball on, the same rules apply: if it moves, it’s a foul; if you play away from it, you need not contact any other red BUT you may legally pot any other red.

      Does this answer your question clearly enough?

  263. Hi
    If your opponent puts hi cue away is the game over . Does he concede the game

  264. A quick question for you thanks. Rules stipulate if a ball stays on the edge of a pocket momentarily and then drops in it is deemed to be part of that break (paraphrasing). How long is the ball “allowed” to be on the edge of the pocket before it drops and is deemed part of that player’s break? Hope I’ve explained that well enough. Cheers.

  265. Player nominates the blue ball and while cueing, the cue touches a red ball. A foul is called and hence the player doesn’t strike the cue ball. In this case how many penalty points will be awarded? 4 or 5?

  266. If you are potting the color and in the same shot first color goes in the pocket and then red ball (cherry) goes in the pocket. Would it be a foul?

  267. Can you settle an argument for me please. If you are playing a red but then miss the red and the cue ball then glances off the black and into the pocket is that a penalty of 4 or 7 pts?

    • Seven. You failed to hit the red – that would be a four-point foul UNLESS you hit a ball of greater value.
      IF you had missed the red, hit the blue, THEN hit the black, the foul would be five points (value of the blue – the fouling ball).
      In the case you describe, you missed the intended red (it’s not a foul yet…might hit some other red) – then you hit the black (NOW it’s a foul – value 7…if you had hit the pink it would be 6). It doesn’t matter what happens after that, it’s a seven point foul.

  268. Greetings,
    It looks like you may have missed this question from the 14th May thanks.

    fred, on May 14, 2017 at 7:40 am said:
    A quick question for you thanks. Rules stipulate if a ball stays on the edge of a pocket momentarily and then drops in it is deemed to be part of that break (paraphrasing). How long is the ball “allowed” to be on the edge of the pocket before it drops and is deemed part of that player’s break? Hope I’ve explained that well enough. Cheers.

  269. We are on the green and I am snookered. I play for the green miss it and go in off. White ball is back to the half circle. Can my opponent make me replace the white ball to where it was before the shot and make me play again.

    • Depends on whether or not your foul was also a miss. If you failed to hit an open ball, that’s “a miss” and your opponent MAY have the balls replaced (unless snookers are required).
      If you chose some strange path to the green ball rather than an easier hit (in order to play safe or for any other reason), your failure to contact the ball on would also be “a miss” and the same result would obtain.

      The miss rule is the most poorly understood rule, and easily the most controversial. Basically, if you SHOULD have hit the ball on – even when escaping from a snooker – or if your attempt to strike the ball on was not good enough (AND snookers are not required), that’s “a miss” and the balls may be put back.

  270. Hi me and my friend were playing earlier and he had to bridge the cue over the pink ball to hit a red . The centre of the cue (not the tip)touched the pink ball but the ball didn’t move . He insisted this wasn’t a penalty I said it was . Is it ?

    • It’s a foul.
      If the tiniest hair on the pinky finger of his bridge hand even brushes the pink, and no one knows except him, he’s supposed to stand up and admit the foul.
      When the white ball is in play, touching any ball with ANYTHING – button, sleeve, finger, cue shaft, cue tip…anything – is a foul. The only legal contact is with the white, by the tip of the cue, on a legal stroke.

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